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ness of Britain. Extent of Territory. Compactness.
Martial valour. Riches. His parliamentary exertions.
Advancement of Learning. Decision. Dedication.
Objections from Divines. Politicians. Errors of learned
men. Study of Words. Government. Posthumous
fame. Analysis of science of Man. Exertions in active
life. Ireland. Scotland. Church Reform. Church
Controversies. Edification of the Church. Solicitor
General. Cogitata et Visa. Wisdom of the Ancients.

Chapter II.

From the publication of the Wisdom of the
Ancients to the publication of the Novum

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Marshalsea. Charter House. Death of the Prince.
Essays. Prosecution of Lord Sanquhar. Confession
of Faith. Attorney General. Parliament of 1614.
Duelling. Undertakers. Benevolences. St. John.
Peacham. Consulting the Judges. Owen. Villiers.
Political advice to Villiers. Overbury. Somerset.
Disputes between King's Bench and Chancery. Privy
Counsellor. Resignation and Death of Lord Brackley.
Lord Keeper. His pecuniary loss. Presents to the
Monarch and Officers of State. To the Lord Keeper.
To Judges. Abolition in France of the Epices. King's
journey to Scotland. Takes his seat in Chancery. His
address. Jurisdiction. Patents. Delays. Expense.
Spanish match. Marriage of Sir John Villiers. Finance.
Civil List. Lord Chancellor. Wrenham. Dulwich.
Dutch merchants. Lord Suffolk. Buckingham receives
£20,000 for the place of Lord Treasurer. Bacon's
judicial exertions. Buckingham's interference. Slander
of Wraynham. Presents in the case of Egerton and
Egerton. In Aubrey and Bronker. From Grocers and
Apothecaries. Hody and Hody. Lord Clifford threatens


to assassinate the Chancellor. Law Reporters. Ordi-
nances in Chancery. Judges, character of. Gardens,
Bacon's delight in. Lincoln's Inn Fields. Gorhambury.
His philosophical house. Alienation Office. York
House. His sixtieth birth-day. Ben Jonson's poem.

Chapter III.

From the publication of the Novum Organum
to his retirement from active life

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Resolution to publish Novum Organum. Literate
Experience. Division of Instauratio Magna. Division
of the Sciences. Novum Organum. Our powers.
Defects of the Senses. Division of Idols. Idols of the
Tribe of the Market: of the Den: of the Theatre.
Destruction of Idols. Our motives for acquiring know-
ledge. Obstacles to acquiring knowledge. Want of
time. Want of means. Right road. Formation of
opinion. Affirmative table. Negative table. Table of
comparisons. Table of results. Instances, solitary,
travelling, journeying, constituent, patent, maxima,
frontier, singular, divorced, deviating, crucial. Diffe-
rences. Parliamentary proceedings. Charge of bribery.
Decision against donors. Presents advised by counsel.
Custom of receiving presents. Error of judging of
past by present times. Presents made by men of emi-
nence. Presents of furniture. Presents customary. No
influence on judgment. Particular charges. Fears of
the King and Buckingham. Advice of Williams. Inter-
view with the King. Meeting of Parliament. King's
speech. Letter to the Lords. Letter to the King.
Sentence. His silence. Letter from the Tower. Letter
to the King. Lambeth Library.
friends. Tennison. Bushel.

His will. Silence of
Williams, Lord Keeper.


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Imprisonment of Bacon. Liberation. Release of
fine. History of Henry VII. Greatness of states.
Familiar illustrations. His piety. Eton College. De
Augmentis. History of Life and Death. Importance of
knowledge of the body. Consumption. Vital spirit.
All bodies have a spirit. Flight. Death. Importance of
science of Animal Spirit. Bacon's works after his retire-
ment. Gondomar. D'Effiat. Sir Julius Cæsar. Selden.
Ben Jonson. Meautys. Bacon's pardon. Death of
James. Decline of Bacon's health. Apothegms. Psalms.
Confession of Faith. Prayers. Student's prayer.
Author's prayer. Chancellor's prayer. Prayers in the
Instauration in the De Augmentis-in the Novum
Organum in the Instauratio, third part-in the Minor
publications. Paradoxes. Letters. Scepticism, nature
of. Rawley's statement. Bacon's will. Cause of Bacon's
death. Bacon's last letter. Opening of Bacon's will.
Funeral. Monument. Meautys. Bacon's temperament.
Bacon's person. His mind. Extent of views. Senses.
Imagination. Understanding. Temporary inability to
acquire knowledge. Particular studies. Memory.
Composition. Causes of Bacon's entering active life.
Bacon's entrance into active life. His motive for reform.
Reformer. Bacon as a Lawyer-Judge-Patron
Statesman. Reform as Statesman and Lawyer-as
Statesman. Reform of law. His private life. Conver-
sation. Wit. Religious. Conclusion.




1560 to 1580.

FRANCIS BACON was born at York-House,(a) in the Strand, 1560-1. on the 22nd of January, 1560. He was the youngest son of His birth. Sir Nicholas Bacon, and of Anne, a daughter of the learned

and contemplative Sir Anthony Cooke, tutor to King Edward the Sixth. (b)

Of Sir Nicholas, it has been said, that he was a man full of wit and wisdom, a learned lawyer, and a true gentleman; of a mind the most comprehensive to surround the merits of a cause; of a memory to recollect its least circumstance;* of the deepest search into affairs of any man at the council table, and of a personal dignity so well suited to his other excellencies, that his royal mistress was wont to say, "My Lord keeper's soul is well lodged." (c)

He was still more fortunate in the rare qualities of his mother,(d) for Sir Anthony Cooke, acting upon his favorite

(a) See note A at the end.

(b) See note B at the end.

* "He who cannot contract his sight as well as dilate it, wanteth a great faculty;" says Lord Bacon.

(c) See note C at the end.


(d) See note D at the end.


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