Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 2, History of Scientific Thought

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Jan 3, 1956 - History - 696 pages
The second volume of Dr Joseph Needham's great work Science and Civilisation in China is devoted to the history of scientific thought. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the Confucian milieu in which arose the organic naturalism of the great Taoist school, the scientific philosophy of the Mohists and Logicians, and the quantitative materialism of the Legalists. Thus we are brought on to the fundamental ideas which dominated scientific thinking in the Chinese middle ages. The author opens his discussion by considering the remote and pictographic origins of words fundamental in scientific discourse, and then sets forth the influential doctrines of the Two Forces and the Five Elements. Subsequently he writes of the important sceptical tradition, the effects of Buddhist thought, and the Neo-Confucian climax of Chinese naturalism. Last comes a discussion of the conception of Laws of Nature in China and the West.

From inside the book

Contents

THE TAO CHIA TAOISTS AND TAOISM
33
3
73
THE MO CHIA MOHISTS AND THE MING
165
b Scientific thought in the Mohist Canon p
171
c The philosophy of Kungsun Lung p
185
e Logic formal or dialectical? p
198
THE FA CHIA LEGALISTS
204
THE FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS OF CHINESE
216
f The Phenomenalists and Wang Chhungs struggle against
378
h The sceptical tradition in later centuries p
386
BUDDHIST THOUGHT
396
CHIN AND THANG TAOISTS AND SUNG
432
3 The study of universal pattern the concepts Chhi
472
4 Evolutionary Naturalism in a cyclical setting
485
e NeoConfucianism and the golden period of natural
493
SUNG AND MING IDEALISTS AND
506

c The school of Naturalists YinYang Chia Tsou Yen
232
d Enumeration orders and symbolic correlations p
253
e The theory of the two fundamental forces p
273
f Correlative thinking and its significance Tung Chung
279
204
320
THE PSEUDOSCIENCES AND
346
b Sceptical trends in Chou and early Han times p
365
d Centrifugal cosmogony p
371
e The new or experimental philosophy Huang L
516
d Stages in the MesopotamianEuropean differentiation
533
e The acceptance of the legislative metaphor in Renaissance
539
BIBLIOGRAPHIES
585
Books and journal articles in Western Languages p
616
GENERAL INDEX
655
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information