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THE

L I F E

AND

PONTIFICATE

OF

LEO THE TENTH.

.

IN SIX VOLUMES.

BY WILLIAM ROSCOE.

THE SECOND EDITION, CORRECTED.

VOL. IV.

LONDON:
::
PRINTED BY J. M'CREERY,

FOR T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES, STRAND,

1806.

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Neque enim ignorabam, non unius diei, fortuitique sermonis, sed plurimorum mensium, - exactæque historiæ munus fore,

Brandolini, Dialog. cui tit. Leo, p. 95.

1519-1521.

PROGRESS of the ReformationLeo X. en

deavours to conciliate Luther-Conferences between Luther and Miltitz-Public disputation at Leipsic-Luther is prevailed upon to write to the popeSarcastic tenor of his letter -His doctrines condemned at Rome-Purport of the papal bullIts reception at Wittemberg -Luther publicly burns the bull with the decretals of the churchHe endeavours to obtain the favour of the emperor-Aleandro papal legate to the imperial court-Harangues the diet of the empire against Luther-Luther cited to appear before the dielHis journey to Worms

-His first appearance before the assembly -His second appearance-He refuses to retract his writings~Observations on his conduct

-The emperor declares his opinion— Further efforts to prevail upon Luther to retract-Condemned by an imperial edict - Is privately conveyed to the castle of Wartburg-Henry VIII. writes against Luther-Reformation of Switzerland by ZuingliusConduct and character of LutherHis bold assertion of the right of private judgment His inflrxible adherence to his own opinion-Uncharitable spirit of the first reformers--Effects of the Reformation on literary siucies-- On the fine artsOn the political and moral state of Europe.

VOL. IV.

CHAP. XIX.

XIX.

A. Et, 4.

THE death of the emperor Maximilian, and CHAP. the negotiations and intrigues occasioned by the election of his successor Charles V. had A. D. 1519. for a time withdrawn the attention of the court A. Pont. VII. of Rome from the proceedings of Luther. Of

Progress this opportunity, he and his followers had of the reavailed themselves to spread his opinions, formation, both by preaching and writing, through various parts of Germany. The effect of these exertions was most visible in Saxony, where, during the vacancy of the imperial throne, the vicarial authority had devolved on the elector Frederick; who, if he did not openly espouse the cause of the reformation, at least raised no ob

B 2

structions

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