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BISHOP of WINCHESTER, was born at London, in 1565. He received the rudiments of his education first in the Coopers' free-school at Ratcliff, and afterwards in Merchant Tailor's school in London. At the usual age he enter ed at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, of which, on his taking his bachelor's degree, he was chosen fellow. Soon after, from the fame of his learning, he was elected honorary fellow of Je sus College in Oxford, lately founded by Hugh Price. On his taking his master's degree, he was chosen catechist of Pembroke Hall, and every Saturday and Sunday read a lecture on the ten commandments, which was numerously attended.
His increasing reputation gained him the countenance of Henry earl of Huntingdon
and particularly of sir Francis Walsingham, secretary of state to queen Elizabeth, who assigned him for his immediate maintenance the lease of the parsonage of Alton in Hampshire, and afterwards procured for him the vicarage of St. Giles, Cripplegate, in London. He was subsequently chosen prebendary and residentiary of St. Paul's, as also prebendary of the collegiate church of Southwell; and on the death of Dr. Fulke, became master of Pembroke Hall. Moreover, queen Elizabeth was so struck with his preaching, that she appointed him one of her chaplains in ordinary, made him a prebendary of Westminster, and afterwards dean of that church.
On the accession of James I. he was selected by that prince as his literary champion against the virulent attacks of his enemies; and in 1605, was promoted by him to the bishopric of Chichester; at the same time he was also made lord Almoner. In 1609 he was advanced to the bishopric of Ely; was afterwards nominated one of his majesty's privy counsellors of England, and then of Scotland, when he attended the king in his journey to that kingdom. He was promoted, in 1618, to the bishopric of Winchester, and deanery
of the king's chapel, his last preferments. He died in 1626, aged 71, being the year following the accession of Charles I.
The works of bishop Andrews, of which some are in Latin as well as in English, are too numerous, and too unimportant, to require a particular enumeration in this place. It ought to be noticed, however, that he had a share in the translation of the Pentateuch, and in the historical books of the Old Testament, down to the end of the second book of Kings. His sermons, comprized in a large folio volume, though they evince much learning, and occasionally good sense, are written in the vilest taste that ever disgraced the pen of mortal, They abound in puns and affected witticisms, with the intermixture of Latin and English in tasteless confusion. Notwithstanding this, he was styled by his cotemporaries, Stella prædicantium, the star of preachers; and his sermons, after his death, were published by the express direction of Charles I. The following is an amusing specimen :
A Comparison between Angels and Men.
1. What are Angels? Surely they are spirits; glorious spirits; heavenly spirits; immortal spirits.
For their nature or substance, spirits: for their quality or property, glorious: for their place or abode, heavenly for their durance or continuance, immortal.
And what is the seed of Abraham, but as Abraham himself? And what is Abraham? Let him answer himself; I am dust and ashes. What is the seed of Abraham ? Let one answer in the persons of all the rest; dicens putredini, &c. saying to rottenness, thou art my mother, and to the worms, ye are my brethren. 1. They are spirits; now what are we, what is the seed of Abraham? Flesh. And what is the very harvest of this seed of flesh? What but corruption, and rottenness, and worms. There is the substance of our bodies.
2. They glorious spirits: we vile bodies (bear with it, it is the Holy Ghost's own term, who shall change our vile bodies). And not only base and vile, but filthy and unclean: ex immundo conceptum semine, conceived of unclean seed: there is the metal. the mould is no better, the womb wherein we were conceived, vile, base, filthy, and unclean. There is our quality.
3. They heavenly spirits, angels of heaven: that is, their place of abode is in heaven above, ours is here below in the dust; inter pulices, et culices, tineas, araneas, et vermes; our place is here among fleas and
flies, moths, and spiders, and crawling worms. There is our place of dwelling.
4. They immortal spirits: that is their duranee Our time is proclaimed in the prophet: flesh, all flesh is grass, and the glory of it as the flower of the field (from April to June). The scythe cometh ; nay, the wind but bloweth, and we are gone, withering sooner than the grass, which is short: nay, fading sooner than the flower of the grass, which is much shorter: nay, saith Job, rubbed in pieces more easily than any moth.
This we are to them if you lay us together; and if you weigh us upon the balance, we are altogether lighter than vanity itself: there is our weight. And you value us, man is but a thing of nought: there is our worth. Hoc is omnis homo; this is Abraham, and this is Abraham's seed; and who would stand to compare these with angels? Verily, there is no comparison; they are incomparably far better than the best of us.
Of the Nativity.
A prince he is [Christ,] and so he is styled, born, and given to establish a government.
And this government is by name a principality; wherein, neither the popular confusion of many,