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"A Discourse of a Maritimal Voyage, and the passages and incidents therein, addressed to Prince Henry, referred to in the Observations concerning the Royal Navy and Sea Service, but not known either in print or MS.
"Certain publications not entitled to a place in the above list, yet to which sir Walter's name hath been appended, are noticed here. Such are
"A Notable and Memorable Story of the cruel war between the Carthagenians and their own Mercenaries, 4to, 1647; a republication of the History of the World. Lib. v. chap. 2, &c.
"War with Foreign Princes Dangerous, Svo, 165-, by sir Robert Cotton; to which a head of sir Walter was at first improperly prefixed.
"The Dutiful Advice of a Loving Son to his aged Father; printed in Ralegh's Remains, as written by him, but more probably a libel upon him by one of his enemies. (See Birch's Works of Ralegh, Prolegomena, p. 105.)
"The Life and Death of Mahomet, the
Conquest of Spain, together with the Rising and Ruin of the Saracen Empire, 12mo, 1637; an abstract, or translation of an abstract made in Spanish, of Part I, Book i, and Part II, Book i, of Miguel de Luna's History of the Loss of Spain, pretended to be translated from the Arabic of Abulcacim Tarif Abentarique."
Such were the literary labours of this wonderful man. For extent of knowledge and variety of talent, he was undoubtedly the first man of his age. His writings are full of thought, as will readily be believed from the specimens I have inserted. But I am afraid, that he was too obviously conscious of his superiority, and hence fell a victim to that hate which envy inspired.
JOHN LILLY was born in the Weald of Kent, about the year 1553. At the age of 16, he entered at Magdalene College, Oxford, and in 1573, and 1575, took his degrees in arts. In the university, he distinguished himself as a wit and a poet, rather than by his attention to the more grave and academical studies of logic and philosophy.
Having, as he informs us, received some ill treatment from Oxford, he afterwards removed to Cambridge.
In 1579, we find him at court, and a favourite with the great, through whose interest he was recommended to queen Elizabeth, who honoured the performance of several of his Comedies with her presence. Scarcely any
other particulars of his life are known; except that, he himself intimates he was ten years a public reader in one of the universities, which, from the silence of Wood, the Oxford antiquary, we may infer was Cambridge. We are not informed even of the time of his death; and Wood only expresses his belief that he was alive when his last comedy was published, which was in 1597.
The only known prose composition extant of Lilly, is a work divided into two parts, of which the first is entitled, "Euphues," the second," Euphues and his England." The designed tendency of the book is moral; and treats of the duties and likewise of the errors of the parent, the child, the student, the traveller, the philosopher, the divine, the courtier, and the contemplative or retired man. He is very severe too against the follies and faults of the ladies; and satyrises with keenness the libertine manners of the universities. He chooses, as the vehicle of his satyr and of his moral instructions, a fictitious story. Euphues is a young Athenian of birth and fortune, distinguished for the beauty of his person, for his wit, his amorous temperament, and roving disposition. While on his travels at
Naples, he becomes the rival of his friend Philautus, in the love of Lucilla, a coquet, who, after draining his purse, forsakes him. . Thus jilted, he is transported with indignation, inveighs bitterly against all women, and resolves to renounce entirely their society, for the calmer pleasures of retirement and study.
Under the influence of these feelings, he writes a long letter, or rather a pamphlet, to his friend, Philautus, which he leaves in his study, and entitles, "A Cooling Card for Philautus, and all Fond Lovers.”
Philautus, if there be any man in despair to obtain his purpose; or so obstinate in his opinion, that having lost his freedom by folly, would also lose his life for love, let him repair hither, and he shall reap such profit, as will either quench his flames, or assuage his fury; either cause him to renounce his lady as most pernicious, or redeem his liberty as most precious. Come therefore to me all ye lovers, that have been deceived by fancy, the glass of pestilence, or deluded by women, the gate to perdition; be as earnest to seek a medicine, as you were eager to run into a mischief.
If thou perceive thyself to be enticed with their