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CHAPTER VI.-Protectorate of Cromwell. Stirling_castle surren-

ders to the English. Dundee sacked. Unsuccessful negotiation

to unite the kingdoms. Cromwell's death and character. Resto-

ration of Charles,......................................................

CHAPTER VII.-(The_Restoration, 1660.)-Injudicious administra-

tion of Charles. Execution of Argyll. Revival of Prelacy.

Presbyterians persecuted-they retaliate. Skirmish at Pentland

its consequences,.

CHAPTER VIII.-Iniquitous proceedings of Burnet and Sharpe-

who are superseded. Moderation of Leighton. Tyranny of Lau-

derdale. The nobles remonstrate-ineffectually,

CHAPTER IX.-Highland soldiers plunder the Western counties-

Claverhouse and the Con-

consequences. Sharpe assassinated.

venticlers. Conflict at Bothwell Bridge. Moderation of Mon-

mouth. Origin of the Cameronians. Administration of York.

Argyll condemned-administration of justice prostituted.

and character of Charles,

CHAPTER X.-James professes the Catholic religion-arrogates ab-

solute authority. Entails legalized. Insurrection of Argyll-his

disasters-is executed. Religious toleration. Prince of Orange

lands in England. James retires to France,...

CHAPTER XI.(The Revolution, 1688.)-William the Third-his

magnanimity in the affairs of Scotland. Proceedings of Parlia

ment. Insurrection. Battle of Killicrankie. Massacre in Glenco, 300

CHAPTER XII.-Origin of the national debt. Commercial projects.

Colony of Darien-its misfortunes. Death and character of Wil-

liam. Death of James,

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Of the few Errata which have been discovered since the sheets were printed, the
following are the chief. At page 36, line 36, for " 1064" read "1164"-page 57,
line 29, for " uttermost " read "outermost "-page 331, line 18, for "conduced "
read "conducted"-page 340, line 3, for "Kensington" (in a few copies) read
- "Kennington."

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HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.

BOOK THE FIRST.

CHAPTER I.

The aborigines of Britain of Celtic origin-passed over from Gaul-memory of a common origin long preserved. The Romans invade Britain-penes trate into Caledonia-defeat the natives-discover Britain to be an island. Policy of Agricola-his recall and death.

Ir is probable that the aborigines of Britain were a colony of the

Celta, who are generally admitted to have been the first inhabitants of Europe. The original impulse which had been given to mankind, after the Deluge, colonized the British isles during the succeeding ages, while only one race of men existed in Europe, and before a second impulse had induced another migration of the Asiatic tribes.

As, during those early ages, the current of civilization flowed from east to west, and as the islands were necessarily peopled from the neighbouring Continents, the aborigines of Britain must have passed over from Gaul. From the coast of Kent to the extremity of Caithness and Ulster, the memory of a Celtic origin was distinctly preserved for many ages, in the perpetual resemblance of language, religion, and manners; and the peculiar character of the British tribes may be naturally ascribed to the influence of accidental and local circumstances.

South Britain was invaded by the Romans, fifty-five years before the Christian æra. Cæsar and Tacitus corroborate the identity of the religion, the manners, and the language of Gaul and Britain at that period.

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