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P. 75, 1. 19.

But, no fictitious hero, great Vauban.

"Le Maréchal de Vauban, duquel il avait épousé la fille, s'était plu à embellir le séjour d'Ussé, où il venait se délasser de ses nobles tra vaux; cet illustre guerrier y avait élevé de superbes terrasses terminées par un bastion appelé encore aujourd'hui le Bastion de Vauban."Souvenirs Pittoresques de la Touraine.

P. 75, 1. 23.

A monarch, sensual and religious, lived

At Chambord.

"Là Henri faisait pénitence entre ses mignons et ses moines, mœurs et religion du bon temps."-Simple Discours de Paul-Louis Courier.

P. 75, 1. 25.

There Francis, squire of dames, displayed a show.

Me

Francis the First, King of France, who, as Bayle justly remarks, had the most splendid qualities of mind united to the greatest faults. zerai observes of him-"Le roi François, premier qui, avoit une noble passion pour toutes les belles choses s'estoit merveilleusement pleu aux magnificences, croyant qu'elles servoient à faire paroître sa grandeur; et comme il se persuadoit que la beauté des dames rehausseroit l'éclat de ses pompes, joint qu'il estoit d'inclination amoureuse, il avoit le premier accoûtumé ce beau monde à hanter la cour." And Moreri says

of him-"On dit que ce prince n'eut jamais son pareil en liberalitez, douceur et magnificence;" but adds, "Les femmes le gâterent quelquèsfois."

P. 76, 1. 15.

Courier; his frequent arrows barb'd with wit.

Paul Louis Courier, (inhabitant of Luynes, a small town in the neighbourhood of Tours,) though comparatively little known in England, was one of the most distinguished writers of the present day, and his works already rank among the French classics, on account of their purity of style, equal to that of the Augustan age of French literature. His brochures are written with great bitterness and extraordinary power

of language; his expressions are vigorous and terse, possessing an originality and strength seldom to be met with in French authors. His Letters (mostly written in haste amid the din of a barbarous warfare carried on in Calabria against the brigands of that country,) are models of composition. He condemned the treatment experienced by the poor Italians from the agents of Napoleon. He valued his Homer more than his baggage, and exposed himself to greater danger in his antiquarian researches, than in advancing through the country of an enemy always in ambush, as an officer of the artillery. His pamphlets, chiefly directed against the court and clergy, produced a great sensation in Paris. For his "Simple Discours sur la Souscription pour Chambord," he was condemned to two months' imprisonment and the payment of three hundred francs. He was assassinated at no great distance from his house, April 10, 1825. In his last pamphlet he seems almost to have anticipated his premature fate :

66

Non, détournez ce calice; la ciguë est amère et le monde de soi se convertit assez sans que je m'en mêle, chétif. Je serais la mouche du coche qui se passera bien de mon bourdonnement. Il va, mes chers amis, et ne cesse d'aller. Si sa marche nous paraît lente, c'est que nous vivons un instant. Mais que de chemin il a fait depuis cinq ou six siècles! A cette heure, en plaine roulant, rien ne le peut plus arrêter." -Pamphlet des Pamphlets.

P. 76, 1. 21.

And Béranger-how brilliant is his song.

Béranger, the great Lyric Poet of France, at once the Tyrtæus and Anacreon of his day, lives now in retirement in the neighbourhood of Tours.

Since I wrote the above, he has been persuaded by his friends to return to Paris.

In this, their "

And eat their fill.

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P. 77, 1. 5.

pays de Cocagne," they drink

"Pays de Cocagne," a "land that flows with milk and honey, a country to live in par excellence." Such was it in the days of Rabelais :

"De Touraine tant et tant de biens nous viennent que nous fut dit un jour par gents du lieu par-cy passants, que le Duc de Touraine n'a en tout son revenu de quoy son saoul de lard manger, par l'excessive largesse que ses prédécesseurs ont faite à ces sacro-saints Oiseaux, pour icy de Faisans nous saouller, de Perdreaux, de Gelinotes, Poulles d'Inde, gras Chappons de Loudunnois, Venaisons de toutes sortes, et toutes sortes de Gibier. Beuvons, amys; voyez cette perchée d'oiseaux, comme ils sont douillets et en bon point des rentes qui nous viennent."—Rabelais, Pantagruel, lib. iv. chap. 6.

P. 77, 1. 11.

Live then, as gentlemen of Tours, or flies

That flash above the Loire their thousand dyes.

"La terra molle e lieta e dilettosa

Simili a se gli habitori produce."

A great variety of beautiful winged insects abound on the banks of the Loire. On these ephemeral beings the author of the "Etudes Historiques, Statistiques, &c., sur le Département d'Indre-et-Loire," makes the following fanciful remarks :—

“Oh quel lot admirable Dieu n'a-t-il pas départi à cette foule innombrable qui brille des plus belles couleurs, et des formes les plus délicieuses. N'est-ce pas ainsi qu'une âme tendre, une sainte Thérèse devait rêver les joies du paradis, si tristes et si arides lorsqu'on nous les représente excitées par des temples de pierres précieuses ou par des lambris d'or ?"

In that exquisite Poem by Rogers, "Epistle to a Friend," we have the following allusion to the floating beehives :

So through the vales of Loire the beehives glide,
The light raft dropping with the silent tide;
So, till the laughing scenes are lost in night,
The busy people wing their various flight;
Culling unnumber'd scents from various flowers,
That scent the vineyard in its purple hours.

POLITICAL POEMS.

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