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As to his Religion, his Chaplain Dr. Rawley gives a large teftimony; and a greater than the Doctor's may be every where found in his writings. But that qualification is the rather mentioned in this place, to fhew the improbability of a calumny lately divulged; that a religious Gentleman, of a fickly constitution, whose time had been employed in studying, practifing, and governing the common law; in fearching into the depths and myfteries of state and philofophy; fhould be guilty or thought guilty of a crime rarely known to the nation. Nor do I remember it mentioned by any Hiftorian but Wiljon; who writes, that his indulgence to his fervants, and his familiarity with them, opened a gap to infamous reports; but he thereupon adds, that innocence it felf is a crime, when calumny fets her mark upon it.
It appears before, that he was accused of being too indulgent to his fervants; and his Lordship does confefs, and Dr. Rawley, and Mr. Bushel, who was one of them, infinuate; that fome of them had abused his good naBut that he should have abufed himfelf or any of them, in the manner that has been reprefented by a Gentleman who was very young when his Lordship was cenfured, and likely to believe any base stories of the servants of Kings, as well as of Kings themselves, is no more to be credited, than the like defamation of Virgil, a most chaft poet. Now that a perfon in a mature age, a fcholar and antiquary, fhould officiously, and upon no better authority, publish such a story of a Nobleman long at rest, who had been adorned with learning, as well as titles, would have been much more admired; had not the
very fame perfon, in the fame book, taken the liberty to print a letter detracting from the chastity of King Charts La virtue allowed him by his greatest enemies. But it is thought that the publisher has thereby reflected more upon his own difcretion, than on the memory of that King, or of the Lord Bacon..
Nor has his Lordship been well treated by Monfieur Rapin de Thoyras; who, after he has commended his great abilities, and declared that he was a very great genius, and one of the moft learned men in Europe; is pleafed, from Welden's libel on the Court of King James, to infert in his Hiftory of that King, that his Lordship was a fervile flatterer of thofe in favour, exceeding haughty while fortune fmiled, fubmiffive and fawning when the frowned. wird
As to flattery it may be answered, that fome people take the civil and decent expreffions contained in addreffes to Kings and great perfons, to be flattery. Whereas the Lord Bacon writes in his Effay of Praife, that fome praifes come of good wishes and refpects; which is a form due in civility to Kings and great perfons, laudando præciperes when aby telling men what they are, they reprefent to them what they fhould be. And if his way, Lordship were guilty of excefs that it may be looked upon as one of the vices of the age, which infected other great men and writers of that time. But the counfels his Lordship always gave the King, and his favourite, were the advices of a fincere fervant and friend, and not of a fycophant: he affuring the Lord Buckingbam in one of his letters, that he fhould ever give him,
as he gave the King his master, safe counsel, and fuch as time would approve.di mo gardensh of a
As to the haughtiness with which he is charged, I shall refer the reader to what was written in the account of his Lordship's life by Dr. Rawley, and printed above thirty years after his deceafe; and fo not to be fufpected of flattery. He declares, that his Lord was no revenger of injuries, no remover of men out of their places, no defamer of any man to his Prince, no infulter of offenders: but always tender-hearted looking upon the example with the eye of feverity, according to the duty of his place; but upon the perfon, with the eye of pity and compaffion. The King giving him this teftimony, that he ever dealt in bufiefs, fuavibus modis, in a gentle manner; which was the way that was most according to his own heart.99w o vam yraR OF 2A
Nor ought his fubmiffion upon his misfortunes to be too much objected to him; fince that might proceed from the fenfe of his faults, and of his condition, wherein others were like to fuffer with him. But that he supported himself under them as a Chriftian and a Philofopher, appears from the learned and noble works he compofed in the last five years of his life. And if the latter end of the reign of King James, and the beginning of his fon's, had been propitious to them; it may be prefumed that they would not have permitted the studies of fo great a man to be interrupted by any neceffities, nor have deprived the Parliament of his abilities. And fummoned he was by writ, to the fecond Parliament held by King Charles; but being then infirm and weak,
he died foon after the Seffion began; fo that he never fat therein.
1 I fhall only add, that upon his death feveral fcholars of the University of Cambridge compiled a monument of Latin verfes to his memory, which were foon after printed.
WENTY Six additional letters written