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both embase the Authority of the Council, and divulge the business. Nevertheless, I do hold this Propofition to be rather fpecious and folemn, than needful at this time; for certainly, it will fill the State full of Difcontentment; which, in a growing and unfettled Eftate, ought not to be. THIS I could wish, that his Majesty would appoint a felect number of Counsellors there, which might deal in the improvement of his Revenue; to pass through too many hands;) and that the faid felected number should have Days of fitting by themselves; at which, the rest of the Council fhould not be present; which being once fettled, then other principal business of State, may be handled at thofe Sittings; and fo the rest begin to be difufed, and yet retain their Countenance, without murmur or difgrace.

(being a thing not fit

THE third Propofition, as it is wound up, feemeth to be pretty, if it can keep Promise: For it is this, That a Means may be found, to re-enforce his Majefty's Army there by five hundred or a thousand men ; and that without any Penny encrease of Charge. And the Means should be, that there should be a Commandement of a local removing, and transferring fome Companies, from one Province to another; whereupon it is fuppofed, that many that are planted in House and Lands, will rather leese their Entertainment than remove: And thereby new men may have their Pay, and yet the old be mingled in the Country, for the ftrength thereof.

In this Propofition two things may be feared: The one, Difcontent of thofe that fhall be put off: The other, that the Companies fhall be ftuffed with Tyrones, instead of Veterani. I with therefore, that this Propofition be


well debated ere it be admitted. Thus having performed that which duty binds me to; I commend you to God's best preservation. Your most devoted and bounden Servant, Fra. Bacon.

Gorbambury, July 5, 1616.

From the Original. ✯

To the KING.

It may please your most excellent Majestie,


CCORDING to your Commandement, I send inclosed the Preface to the Patent of Creation of Sir George Villiers. I have not used any glaring termes, but drawn it according to your Majefties Inftructions, and the note which thereupon I framed, and your Majestie allowed, with fome additions which I have inferted. But I hope your Majeftie will be pleased to correct and perfect it. Your Majestie will be alfo pleased to remember, that if the Creation shall be at Roughford, your pleasure and this draught be speedily returned; for it will afke a fending of the Bill for your Majefties Signature, and a fending back of the fame to pass the Seales, and a fending thereupon of the Patent itself: So it muft be twice fent up and down before the day. God evermore preferve your Majeftie. Your Majefties moft devoted and most bounden Servant,

28 July 1616.

Fr. Bacon,





To Sir George Villiers.

Send you the Bill for his Majefties Signature, reformed according to his Majefties Amendments, both in the two places, (which, I affure you, were both altered with great judgement;) and in the third place, which his Majestie termed a Question onely. But he is an idle body

ks his Majeftie asks an idle Question; and thereJure Lis Majesties Questions are to be answered by taking aver the cone of the Queftion, and not by replying. For the Name, his Maiefties Will is a Law in those

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hath promised; and besides the thing it self is so reasonable, as it ought to be as foon done as faid. I am now gotten into the Countrey to my Houfe, where I have some little liberty to think of that I would think of, and not of that which other Men hourly break my Head withal, as it was at London. Upon this you may conclude that most of my thoughts are of his Majefty;, and then you cannot be far off. God ever keep you and profper you. I reft always, Your true and moft devoted Servant,

5 Aug. 1616.

Fr. Bacon.

Sir John Roper being Clerk of the Pleas in the King's-Bench, refigned that profitable Office to Sir George Villiers's Truflees, upon his being created Lord Teynbam; as appears in the Introduction and Letters formerly printed.


To Sir George Villiers.

Have fent you now your Patent of Creation of Lord Blechley of Blechley, and of Viscount Villiers. Blechley is your own, and I liked the found of the name better than Whaddon: But the name will be hid, for you will be called Viscount Villiers.' I have put them both in a Patent, after the manner of the Patent of Arms where Baronries are joined. But the chief reafon was, because I would avoid double prefaces; which had not been fit. Nevertheless the ceremony of robing, and otherwise, must be double. And now because I am in the Countrey, I will fend you fome of my Countrey fruits, which with me are, good Meditations; which when I am in the City are choked with Business.

After that the King shall have watered your new DigniC 2


ties, with his bounty of the Lands which he intends you; and that fome other things concerning your means, which are now likewise in intention, shall be fettled upon you; I do not fee but you may think your private fortunes eftablished. And therefore it is now time that you fhould refer

your actions chiefly to the good of your Sovereign, and your Countrey. It is the life of an Oxe, or a Beast, always to eat and never to exercise: but Men are born (efpecially Chriftian men) not to cram in their Fortunes, but to exercise their Vertues: and yet the other hath been the unworthy, and sometimes the unlucky humour of great perfons in our times. Neither will your further Fortune be the further off. For affure your felf, that Fortune is of a Woman's nature, that will fooner follow you by flighting, than by too much wooing. And in this dedication of your self to the publick, I recommend unto you principally, that which I think was never done fince I was born, and which not done, hath bred almost a wilderness and folitude in the King's fervice: which is, that you countenance and encourage and advance able and vertuous Men, in all kinds degrees and profeffions. For in the time of fome late great Counfellours, when they bare the fway, able Men were by defign and of purpose fuppreffed. And though now fince Choice goeth better, both in Church and Commonwealth; yet money, and turnserving, and cunning canvifes, and importunity prevail too much. And in places of moment, rather make able and honeft Men yours, than advance thofe that are otherwise because they are yours. As for cunning and corrupt Men, you must, I know, fometimes ufe them: but keep them at a distance, and let it appear that you make use of them, rather

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