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hope God will strengthen serpate all grofsse and notoris of fimonys, briberies, extions, vexations, burdenfome ges, and the like: but further care to the supply of the very of any thing that may tend to ple: So that every place and service Conour or good of the Commonwealth and no man's vertue left idle, unimployeded; and every good ordinance and coner the amendment of the estate and tymes, be put in execution.

mean tyme minding by God's Leave (all delay to comfort and fecure our loving subjects in dom of England by our personal presence there, equire all our loving fubjects joyfully to expect the And yet fo, as we fignifie our will and pleato be, that all fuch ceremonys and preparations as all be made and ufed to do us honour, or to exprefs gratulation, be rather comely and orderly, then sumptuous and glorious; and for the expreffing of Magnificence, that it be rather imployed and bestowed upon the funeral of the late Queene, to whose memory we are of opinion too much honour cannot be done or performed.

A draught

A draught of a PROCLAMATION touching his Majefty's fyle 2do JACOBI.

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S it is a manyfest token, or rather a substantial effect of the wrath and indignation of God, when Kingdomes are rent and divided, which have formerly been entire and united under one Monarch and Governour; fo on the contrary parte, when it shall please the Almighty (by whom Kings reign as his Deputies and Lieutenants) to enlarge his commiffions of empire and foveraignty, and to commit those nations to one King to governe, which he had formerly committed to several Kings, it is an evident argument of his great favour both upon King and upon people; upon the King, in as much as he may with comfort conceive that he is one of those servants to whom it was faid, Thou hast been faithful in the lefs, I will make thee Lord of more; upon the people, because the greatness of kingdoms and dominions, especially not being scattered but adjacent and compact, doth ever bring with it greater fecurity from outward enemyes, and greater freedom from inward burdens, unto both which people under petty and weake estates are more expofed: which fo happy fruit of the union of kingdoms is chiefly to be underftood, when fuch conjunction or augmentation is not wrought by conqueft and violence, or by pacte and submiffion, but by the law of nature and hereditary defcent; for in conqueft it is commonly feen, although Rr 2


the bulke and quantity of territory be encreased, yet the strength of kingdoms is diminished, as well by the wafting of the forces of both parts in the conflict, as by the evil coherence of the nation conquering and conquered, the one being apt to be infolent, and the other discontent; and fo both full of jealoufies and difcord. And where countrys are annexed onely by act of estates and fubmiffions, fuch fubmiffions are commonly grounded upon fear, which is no good author of continuance, befides the quarrels and revolts which do enfue upon conditional and articulate fubjections: But when the lynes of two kingdoms do meet in the perfon of one Monarch, as in a true point or perfect angle; and that from marriage (which is the first conjunction in humane fociety) there shall proceed one inheritor in blood to feveral kingdoms, whereby they are actually united and incorporate under one head; it is the worke of God and nature, whereunto the works of force and policy cannot attaine; and it is that which hath not in it felfe any manner of feeds of discord or disunion, other then fuch as envy and malignity fhall fowe, and which groundeth an union, not onely indiffoluble, but also most comfortable and happy amongst the people. Wee therefore in all humbleness acknowledge, that it is the great and blessed worke of Almighty God, that these two antient and mighty realms of England and Scotland, which by nature have no true but an imaginary separation, being both fituate and comprehended in one most famous and renowned island of Great Britainy, compaffed by the ocean without any mountains, feas, or other boundaries of nature, to make any partition,


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wall or trench between them, and being also exempted from the first curfe of disunion, which was the confufion of tongues, and being people of a like conftitution of mind and body, especially in warlike prowefs and difpofition: and yet nevertheless have in fo many ages been disjoyned under feveral Kings and governors, are now at the last by right inherent in the comixture of our blood, united in our perfon and generation, wherein it hath pleased God to anoint us with the oyle of gladness and gratulation above our progenitors, Kings of either nation. Neither can we fufficiently contemplate and behold the paffages, degrees and infinuations, whereby it hath pleased the eternal God (to whom all his workes are from the beginning knowne and prefente) to open and prepare a way to this excellent worke; having firft ordained that both Nations should be knytte in one true and reformed religion, which is the perfecteft band of all unity and union; and secondly, that there should preceed fo long a peace continued between the nations for so many years laft paffed, whereby all feeds and fparks of ancient difcord have been laid afleep, and grown to an obliteration and oblivion; and lastly, that our felves in the true measure of our affections, should have so just cause to imbrace both nations with equal. and indifferent love and inclination, inafmuch as our birth and the paffing of the first part of our age hath been in the one nation, and our principal feat and mansion, and the paffing of the latter part of our days is like to be in the other. Which our equal and upright holding of the ballance between both nations, being the highest point of all others in our diftributive juftice, we

give the world to know, that we are conftantly refolved to preserve inviolate against all emulations and partialities, not making any difference at all between the subjects of either nation, in affection, honours, favours, guifts, employments, confidences, or the like; but onely fuch as the true distinctions of the persons, being capable or not capable, fit or not fit, acquainted with affaires or not acquainted with affaires, needing our princely bounty or not needing the fame, approved to us by our experience or not approved, meriting or not meriting, and the feveral degrees of these and the like conditions shall in right reason tye us unto, without any manner of regard to the country in it felfe, to the end that they may well perceive, that in our mind and apprehenfion they are all one and the fame nation; and that our heart is truly placed in the center of government, from whence all lynes to the circumference are equal and of one space and distance. But for the further advanceing and perfecting of this worke, we have taken into our princely care and cogitations, what it is that may appertain to our owne imperial power, right, and authority; and what requireth votes and affents of our parliaments or estates; and again, what may presently be done, and what must be left to further time, that our proceeding may be void of all inconvenience and informality; wherein by the example of almighty God, who is accustomed to begin all his great works and defignments by alterations or impofitions of names, as the fittest meanes to imprint in the hearts of people a character and expectation of that which is to follow. We have thought good to withdraw and discontinue the


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