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ftoring to preach of a famous Preacher, one Doctor Burgeffe, who though he hath been filenced a great time, yet he hath now made fuch a fubmiffion touching his Conformity, as giveth fatisfaction: It is much defired alfo by Greys-Inne (if he shall be free from the State) to chuse him for their Preacher: And certainly it is fafer to place him there, than in another Auditory, because he will be well watched, if he should any ways fly forth in his fermons beyond duty. This may feem a trifle, but I do affure you, in opening this Man's mouth to preach, you fhall open very many mouths to speak honour of you; and I confefs I would have a full Cry of Puritans, of Papists, of all the World to speak well of you: And befides I am perfwaded (which is above all earthly glory) you shall do GoD good Service in it. I pray deal with his Majesty in it. I rest, Your devoted and bounden Servant,

June 13, 1616,

From the Original.

To Sir George Villiers.

SIR,
Send you inclosed

I in, ofed

Fra. Bacon.

a warrant for my Lady of Somerfet's Pardon, reformed in that mayne, and material poynt, of inserting a Clause [that she was not a Principal, but an Acceffary before the Fact, by the inftigation of bafe perfons.] Her Friends think long to have it dispatched, which I marvaile not at, for that in matter of Life, Moments are numbred.

a

Of the Tryal and Conviction of the Countess of Somerset, for being acceffary to the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury, an account may be feen in the Introduction to Sir Francis Bacon's Letters and Memoires; but the Lord High Steward, and the Peers, obferving that there had been fatisfaction made to Juftice, that she had been feduc'd by base perfons, and that she had freely confeffed her crime, interceded with the King for her Pardon. B 2

I do

mom and more as contentment in his Majestie's core of Be Dine In Fab, for his Deputy of Ireland, fang wat drewniences with him, his great fuffiand I hope the good ligence which he purTabremblements from time to

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me full viri a pod efe for his Majestie's Service. I am vandertill ffrous to fee that Kingdome flourish, vanie a u de proper work and glory of his Majesty And His Majesty may be pleased to call

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good wille ince, when the great Rent mi Cutions were in the Parliament of Ireland, I was 30 mrminate Remembrancer to his Majestie's princely volume la Su be God ever keep you and profor you. Therent end and devoted and bounden Servant, Fr. Bacon.

I

SIR,

From the Original ₫

T1 Sir George Villers.

Think I cannot do better fervice towards the good estate of the Kingdome of Ireland, than to procure the King to be well ferved in the eminent places of Law and Justice: I fhall therefore name unto you for the Attorney's place there, or for the Solicitor's place, if the now Solicitor fhall go up, a Gentleman of mine own breeding and framing, Mr. Edward Wyrthington of GreysInne, he is born to eight hundred pounds a Year; he is the eldest son of a most severe Justicer, amongst the Recufants of Lancashire, and a Man most able for Law and Speech, and by me trained in the King's caufes. My Lord

Deputy,

Deputy, by my defcription, is much in love with the Man; I hear my Lord of Canterbury, and Sir Thomas Laques fhould name one Sir John Beare, and fome other mean Men. This man I commend upon my credit, for the good of his Majesty's fervice. God ever preserve and prosper you. I reft, Your most devoted, and moft bounden Servant,

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But

put to a point, fome Refolutions touching Ireland, now at Windfor; I thought it my duty to attend his Majesty by my Letter, (and thereby to supply my absence) for the renewing of fome former Commiffions for Ireland, and the framing of a new Commiffion for the Wards and the Alienations, which appertain properly to me, as his Majesty's Attorney, and have been accordingly referred by my Lords. I will undertake that they are prepared with a greater care, and better application to his Majesty's service in that Kingdom, than heretofore they have been; and therefore of that I fay no more. And for the Inftructions of the new Deputy, they have been fet down by the two Secretaries, and read to the Board; and being things of an ordinary nature, I do not fee but they may pass.

BUT there have been three Propofitions and Counfels which have been stirred, which feem to me of very great

This Letter is printed in the Refufcitatio and Cabala, but is here corrected in fome places by the Original.

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importance:

importance: wherein 1 tak myself bound to deliver to El Majkly my advice and opinion, if they fhould now come in Quaffioc

F:

Tex Findly touching the Rayant Magiftrates of the Tomas of Kelling, and the Communalties themselves, their Elector, what thall be done. Which Confultation arifeth from the late advertisements from the two Lords Joffices, upon the inftance of the two towns of Limerick and kildrary; in which advertisement they represent the Junger onely, without giving any light for the remedy; rather warly for themfelves, than agreeably to their duties, and Place.

Is this Point, I humbly pray his Majesty to remember, that the Refufal is not of the Oath of Allegiance, (which is not enacted in Ireland;) but of the Oath of Supremacy, which cutteth deeper into matter of confcience. Alfo, that his Majesty will, out of the depth of his excellent widom, and providence, think, and as it were calculate with himfelf; whether Time will make more for the cause of Religion in Ireland, and be still more, and more, propitious; or whether deferring Remedies will not make the Cafe more difficult. For if Time give his Majesty the Advantage, what needeth precipitation to extreme remedies? But if Time will make the cafe more desperate, then his Majesty cannot begin too foon. Now in my opinion, Time will open, and facilitate things for reformation of Religion there; and not shut up, or block the fame. For first, the Plantations going on, and being, principally, of Proteftants, cannot but mate the other Party in time: Also, his Majesty's care, in placing good Bishops, and Divines; in amplifying the College there; and in

looking

looking to the education of Wards, and the like; as they are the most natural means, fo are they like to be the most effectual and happy, for the weeding out of Popery, without using the temporal fword: So as, I think, I may truly conclude, that the ripeness of Time is not yet come.

THEREFORE my Advice, in all humbleness is, that this hazardous courfe of proceeding, to tender the Oath to the Magiftrates of Towns, proceed not, but dye by degrees. And yet, to preserve the authority, and reputation of the former Council, I would have fomewhat done; which is, that there be a proceeding to feizure of Liberties; but not by any Act of Power, but by Quo Warranto, or Scire facias; which is a legal Course; and will be the work of three, or four, Terms; by which time, the matter will somewhat cool.

BUT I would not (in no cafe) that the proceeding fhould be with both the Towns, which stand now in contempt, but with one of them only; choofing that which shall be thought most fit. For if his Majefty proceed with both, then all the Towns, that are in the like cafe, will think it a common Caufe; and that it is but their cafe to day, and their own to morrow. But if his Majefty proceed but with one, the apprehenfion and terror will not be so strong; for they will think, it may be their cafe, as well to be spared, as profecuted: And this is the best advice that I can give to his Majesty in this ftreight; and of this Opinion, seemed my Lord Chancellor to be.

THE fecond Propofition is this: It may be, his Majesty will be moved, to reduce the number of his Council of Ireland, which is now almost fifty, to twenty, or the like number; in refpect the greatnefs of the number doth

both

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