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Spaine.

Princess, as it were to marry might with his activity.

He hath had practyfe in Germany to be created King of Romans, made a foddain voyage with great expedition into the Lowe Countries, now is there againe with better fucceffe then fo foon was looked for.

The King of Spaine, Philip fonne to Charles the Fift, about fixty yeres of age; a Prince of great understanding, fubtle and aspiring, diligent and cruel. This King especiallie hath made his benefit of the time, where his laft attempt on Portugal deferveth exact confideration, thereby as by the workmanship to know the master.

The first fucceffe he had was at St. Quintin, where he got a notable hand of the French; he fought to reduce the Lowe Countries to an absolute subjection.

He hath kept Fraunce in continual broile, where, by his penfions and the favour of the house of Guise, by meanes of the Queen mother in contemplation of her nieces, he beareth great sway. With the Pope he is fo linked, as he may do what him lift, and dispose of that authoritie to ferve his purposes. As he has gotten great authoritie in pretending to protect the Church and Religion.

He poffeffeth the one half of Italye, comprehending Sicily and Sardinia, with Naples and Milan; the which eftates do yield him little other profit, fave the maintenance of so many Spanyards as he keepeth there al

wayes.

The Duke of Florence relyeth greatly upon him, as well in respect of the state of Syena, as of the portes he holdeth, and of his greatness. Lucca is under his protection. Genoa, the one faction at his devotion, with

their gallies: at his penfion is most of the greatest there.

Befides the Lowe Countries, he holdeth the Franche Comte, the best used of all his fubjects, and Luxembourge: the Weft-Indies furnish him gold and filver, the which he confumeth in the warres of the Lowe Countries, and in penfions, and is greatly indebted, while he worketh on the foundation his father laid, to erect a monarchie, the which if he fucceed in the conqueft of Portugal, he is lykely to atchieve, unless death doe cut him off.

He hath one fonne of the yeres of five by his last wife, two daughters by the French King's fifter, two base fonnes.

He hath greatly fought the marriage of the Queen's daughter of Fraunce, fifter to his last wife, and cofen Germain removed.

His revenues are reckoned to amount to fixteen mil- The Turks relions.

venews are

thought to be

The chief in credit with him of martial men and for equal with his. Council are,

He maketh account to have in continual pay 50000 foildiers.

He maintaineth gallies to the number of 140, whereof there are 60 in Portugal, the reft are at Naples, and other places. Now is on league with the Turk.

D. Antonio, elect King of Portugal, thrust out by the Portugal. King of Spaine, of forty five yeres of age, a mild spirit, fober and discreet: he is now in Fraunce, where he hath levyed foldiers, whereof part are embarked, hoping by the favour of that King, and the good will the Portugals

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g to bear him, to be restored againe. He holdeth the Torges, and the Eaft-Indians yet remain well affected

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him, a cafe of it self deferving the confidering and reHef of all other Princes. Besides in his perfon, his election to be noted with the tytle he claimeth very fingular, and feldom the like feene, being chofen of all the people; the great daungers he hath escaped likewife at fundry times.

The King of Poland, Stephen Batoaye, a Baron of Hungary, by the favour of the Turke chofen King of the Pellacks, after the escape made by the French King; a Prince of the greatest value and courage of any at this day, of competent yeres, fufficient wisdom, the which he hath fhewed in the fiege of Danske, and the warres with the Muscovite.

The Hungarians could be content to exchange the Emperor for him. The Bohemians likewife with him in the ftead of the other. He were like to attain to the Empire, were there not that mortal enmity between those two nations as could not agree in one fubjection.

Streight upon his election he married the Infant of Poland, fomewhat in yeres and crooked, only to content the Pollacks, but never companied with her. He doth tolerate there all religions, himselfe heareth the maffe, but is not thought to be a Papist: he had a great part of his education in Turky, after served the last Emperour.

Fredericke the fecond, of forty eight yeres, King of Denmark and Norway; his Wife Sophia, daughter to Ulriche Duke of Mechelebourge, by whome he hath fix ན་ཏུ།། children,

children, four daughters and two fonnes, Chriftianus and Ulricus, the eldest of five yeres of age.

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The chiefest about him, Nicholas Cofe his Chancellor, in whofe Counsel he doth much repofe.

He hath alwaies 800 horfe about his Court, to whom he giveth ten dollars the month.

His Father deceased in the year 1559, after which he had warres ten years fpace with the Swede, which gave him occafion to arme by Sea. His navy is fix great ships of 1 500 tunn, and fifteen finaller, ten gallies which faile to paffe the Streights.

His revenues grow chiefly in cuftomes, and fuch living as were in the hands of the abbeys, and Byshops, whereby he is greatly enriched: his chiefe haven is Copenhagen, where alwaies his navy lyeth.

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His brother John Duke of Holst in Jutland, married

to the daughter of the Duke of inferior Saxonie.

Magnus his other Brother Bishop of Courland, married the Daughter of the Muscovite's brother.

The chiefest warres that the King of Denmark hath is with Sweden, with whom now he hath peace. The Duke of Holft is uncle to the King now reigning; they make often alliances with Scotland.

John King of Sweden, fonne of Gustavus.

This Gustavus had four fonnes, Erick, John, Magnus, Charles.

Erick married a fouldyer's daughter, by whome he had divers children, and dyed in prison.

John, now King, marryed the fifter of Sygifmond late King of Poland.

Magnus beftraught of his witts.

Charles marryed a Daughter of the Palgrave.

Sweden.

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Mufcovy.

Five daughters of Guftavus.

Katherine marryed to the Earl of Eaft-Fryseland.
Anne to one of the Palgraves.

Cicylia to the Marquis of Baden.

Sophia to the Duke of inferior Saxonie.
Elizabeth to the Duke of Mecleburg.

This Prince is of no great force nor wealth, but of late hath encreased his navigation by reafon of the warres between him and the Dane, the which, the warres ceafing, they hardly maintaine.

The Muscovite Emperor of Ruffia, John Bafill, of threescore yeres of age, in league and amitie with no Prince; alwayes at warres with the Tartarians, and now with the Pollake.

He is advised by noe Council, but governeth altogether like a tyrant. He hath one fonne of thirty yeres of age. Not long fithence this Prince depofed himself, and fet in his place a Tartare, whom he removed againe Of late fent an Ambaffador to Rome, giving fome hope to submit himself to that fee. Their religion is neareft the Greek Church, full of fuperftition and idolatrie.

Written about the Year 1580.

STATE

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