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The Earl of

Effex and the

land to the

Lords of the
Council, 9th

[As your Lordships do very truly fet forth, we do very Council of Ire- humbly acknowledge her Majesty's chardgeable magnificence and royal preparations and transportations of men, munition, apparel, money and victuals for the recovery of this diftreffed kingdom,] where note, the tranfportations acknowledged as well as the preparations.

May.

The Earl of Elfex and the

land to the

Lords of the

Next, it was fet down for a fecond ground, that there was no natural nor accidental impediment in the estate of the affairs themselves, against the profecution upon Tyronne, but only culpable impediments railed by the journey of Munster.

This appeared by a letter from my Lord and the Council of Ire-Council of Ireland to the Lords of the Council here, dated the 28th of April, whereby they advertize, that the Council 28th profecution of Ulfter, in regard of lack of grafs and forof April. rage, and the poornefs of cattle at that time of year, and fuch like difficulties of the feason, and not of the matter, will in better time, and with better commodity for the army, be fully executed about the middle of June or beginning of July; and fignifye, that the Earle intended a prefent prosecution should be fet on foot in Lemfter, to which letters the Lords make answer by theirs of the 8th of May, fignifyeing her Majefty's toleration of the delay.

Of

I

Of the STATE of EUROPE.

N the confideration of the prefent state of Chriftendom, depending on the inclinations and qualities of the Princes, governors of the fame: Firft the person of the Pope, acknowledged for fupreme of the Princes Catholick, may be brought forth.

Gregory the XIII. of the age of feventy yeares, Pape. by furname Boнcompagno, born in Bolonia of the meaneft state of the people; his father a fhoemaker by occupation, of no great learning nor understanding,. bufye rather in practyfe, then defirous of warres, and that rather to further the advancement of his fonne. and his houfe (a refpect highly regarded of all the Popes) then of any inclination of nature, the which yet in these yeares abhorreth not his fecret pleasures. Howbeit, two things efpecially have fet fo fharp edge to him, whereby he doth bend himself so vehemently against Religion. The one is a meer neceffitie, the other the folicitation of the King of Spaine. For if we confider dulye the estate of the prefent time, we fhall find that he is not fo much carryed with the defire to fuppreffe our religion, as driven with the fear of the downfall of his own, if in time it be not upheld and restored.

The reafons be thefe; he feeth the King of Spaine already in yeares, and worn with labour and trobles, that there is little hope in him of long life, And he

failing

failing there were likelie to enfue great alterations of state in all his dominions, the which should be joined with the lyke in religion, efpecially in this divided time, and in Spaine alreadie fo forward, as the fury of the inquifition can fcarce keep in.

In Fraunce, the ftate of that Church feemeth to depend on the fole life of the King now reigning, being of a weak conftitution full of infirmities, not lykely to have long lyfe, and quite out of hope of anie iffue. Of the Duke of Anjou he doth not affure himself, befides the opinion conceived of the weakness of the complexion of all that race, giving neither hope of length of life nor of children. And the next to the fucceffion make alreadie profeffion of Religion, befides the increase thereof dailie in Fraunce; England and Scotland are alreadie, God be thanked, quite reformed, with the better part of Germany. And because the Queen's Majesty hath that reputation to be the defender of the true religion and faith, against her Majefty as the head of the faithful, is the drift of all their mifchieves.

The King of Spaine haveing erected in his conceipt a monarchie, wherein feeking reputation in the protection of Religion, this conjunction with the Pope is as neceffary to him for the furtherance of his purposes, as to the Pope behoveful for the advancing of his house and for his authority; the King of Spaine haveing alreadie bestowed on the Pope's fonne, degree of title and of office, with great revenews. revenews. To encourage To encourage the Pope herein, being head of the Church, they fet before him the analogy of the name Gregorye, faying that we were first under a Gregorye brought to the faithe, and by a

Gregorye

Gregorye are againe to be reduced to the obedience of

Rome.

A prophecy likewife is found out that foretelleth, the Dragon fitting in the chair of Peter, great things fhould be brought to pass.

Thus is the King of Fraunce follicited against those of the Religion in Fraunce; the Emperor against those in his dominions; divifions fet in Germany; the Lowe Countrie miferably oppreffed; and daily attempts against her Majeftie, both by force and practyfe: Hereto serve the feminaries, where none are now admitted, but take the oath against her Majefty.

The fect of the Jefuites are fpecial inftruments to alienate the people from her Majestie, sowe faction, and to abfolve them of the oath of obedience, and prepare the way to rebellion and revolt.

Befides, for confirmation of their owne religion they have used fome reformation of the Clergie, and brought in catechyfing.

To

cane.

goe forth with the Princes of Italy next in fytuation. The Great Duke of Tufcane, Francefco de Medici, Duke of Tuffonne to Cofmo, and the third Duke of that family and province; of the age of forty yeares, of difpofition fevere and fadde, rather than manly and grave; no princely port or behaviour more then a great justicer, inclined to peace, and gathering money. All Tuscany is fubject unto him, wherein were diverfe Commonwealths; whereof the chief were Florence, Siena and Pifa, Prato and Pistoia, faveing Lucca and certaine fortes on the Seacoaft, held by the King of Spaine.

He

He retayneth in his fervice few, and they strangers, to whom he giveth penfions. In all his Citadels he hath garrison of Spaniards, except at Siena; in housekeeping spendeth little, being as it were in penfion, agreeing for fo much the year with a Citizen of Florence for his dyet, he has a small guard of Swiffers, and when he rideth abroad a guard of forty light horsemen. The militia of his country amounteth to forty thousand foldiers, to the which he granteth leave to weare their weapons on the holy daye, and other immunities. Befides, he entertaineth certaine men of armes, to the which he giveth feaven crowns the month. He also maintaineth feaven gallies, the which ferve under his Knights, erected by his Father in Pyfa, of the order of St. Stephano; of these gallies, three goe every year in chase.

His common exercise is in diftillations, and in trying of conclufions, the which he doth exercise in a house called Caffino in Florence, where he spendeth the most part of the day, giving ear in the mean season to matters of affaires, and conferring with his chief officers. His revenues are esteemed to amount to a million and a half of crownes, of the which spending half a million, he layeth up yearly one million. But certainlye he is the richest Prince in all Europe of coyne. The forme of his government is abfolute, depending only of his will and pleasure, though retayneing in manye things the auncient offices and fhew. But those magiftrates refolve nothing without his exprefs directions and pleasure. Privie Council he ufeth none, but repofeth most his trust on -found fecretaryes, and conferreth chiefly with his Wife, as his Father did with one of his Secretaryes. For mat

ters

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