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your

ftate now is, to account them; and this is all I will

fay for the prefent.

Examin'd.

My Lady Shrewsbury's Canfe.

Your Lordships do obferve the nature of this Charge.

Y Lady of Shrewsbury, a Lady wife, and that

M*

ought to know what duty requireth, is charged to have refused, and to have perfifted in refusal to anfwer, and to be examined in a high caufe of ftate, being examined by the Council Table, which is a representative body of the King.

The nature of the Cause upon which fhe was examined, is an effential point which doth aggravate and increase this contempt and prefumption, and therefore of neceffity with that we must begin.

How graciously and parent-like his Majefty used the Lady Arabella, before she gave him cause of indignation, the world knoweth.

My Lady, notwithstanding, extreamly ill advised, tranfacted the most weighty and binding part and action of her life, which is her marriage, without acquainting his Majefty, which had been a neglect even to a mean parent. But being to our Soveraign, and she standing fo near to his Majesty as she doth, and then choofing fuch a condition as it pleased her to choofe, all parties laid together, how dangerous it was, my Lady might have read it in the fortune of that houfe wherewith fhe is matched; for it was not unlike the cafe of Mr. Seymer's grand-mother. The King nevertheless fo remembred he was a King, as.

he

he forgot not he was a kinfman, and placed her only sub

But now did my Lady accumulate and heap up this offence with 1 for greater than the former, by seeking to withdry her for of the King's power, into foreign parts.

That me fight, or epe into foreign parts, might Lave been bed ofble to this State, is a matter whereef the concept of a valgar perfon is not capable.

For store Lady Sould have put on a Mind to

e her Ly, as nature and duty did bind her; yet when he was another Sphere, the must have moved in The TCEN I SH are, and not of the planet itself. And Gufrad de King's felicity should be fo little, as he kama nt be and envers enough in foreign parts.

kare fmy foreigner had wrought upon this oczim i a márt the intent would have been is the pole if they bone conceived mischief, and druge fani a te. But yet your Lordships by the in swam in Princes, and it is a watch they ore to temēras, and to their people, to stop the begizzing tf erla nnd not to despise them. Seneca faith well ma jan avplus locis font pericula, fi levia videemir, ångers ere to be light, because by defpifing they grow and gather frength

And accordingly hath been the practice both of the wifeit and fouceft Princes to hold for matter pregnant of peril, to have any near them in blood to fly into foreign parts. Wherein I will not wander, but take the example of King Henry VII. a Prince not unfit to be paralelled with his Majesty, I mean not the particular of Perkin Warbecke, for he was but an idol or a disguise; but the

example

example I mean, is that of the Earl of Suffolk, whom the King extorted from Philip of Auftria. The Story is memorable. That Philip, after the death of Isabella, coming to take poffeffion of his Kingdome of Caftile (which was but matrimonial to his father-in-law Ferdinando of Arragon) was caft by weather upon the coast of Yarmouth, where the Italian ftory faith, King Henry ufed him in all things elfe as a Prince, but in one thing as a prisoner; for he forced upon him a promise to restore the Earl of Suffolk that was fledd into Flanders; and yet this 1 note, was in the twenty first year of his reign, when the King had a goodly Prince at man's estate, befides his daughters, nay, and the whole line of Clarence nearer in title, for that Earl of Suffolk was defcended of a Sister of Edward IV. fo far off did that King take his aim.

To this action of fo deep confequence, it appearethyou (my Lady of Shrewsbury) were privy, not upon foreign fufpicions or ftrained inferences, but upon vehement presumptions, now clear and particular teftimony, as hath been opened to you; fo as the King had not only reason to examine you upon it, but to have proceeded with you upon it, as for a great contempt; which if it be. reserved for the prefent, your Ladyship is to understand it aright, that it is not defect of proof, but abundance of grace that is the cause of this proceeding; and your Ladyship shall do well to fee into what danger you have brought your felf. All offences confift of the fact which is open, and the intent which is fecret; this fact of confpiring in the flight of this Lady, may bear a hard and gentler conftruction; if upon over much affection to your kinf

woman,,

.

woman, gentler; if upon practice or other end, harder; you must take heed how you enter into fuch actions, whereof if the hidden part be drawn unto that which is open, it may be your overthrow, which I speak not by way of charge, but by way of caution.

For that which you are properly charged with, you must know that all fubjects without distinction of degrees, owe to the King tribute and fervice, not only of their deed and hand, but of their knowledge and difcovery.

If there be any thing that imports the King's fervice, they ought themselves undemanded, to impart it; much more if they be called and examined, whether it be of their own fact, or of another's, they ought to make direct answer: neither was there ever any fubject brought into causes of Estate to tryal judicial, but first he passed examination; for examination is the entrance of justice in criminal caufes; it is one of the eyes of the King's politick body: there are but two, information and examination: it may not be endured that one of the lights be put out by your example.

Your excufes are not worthy your own judgment, rash vows of lawful things are to be kept, but unlawful vows not; your own divines will tell you fo. For your examples, they are fome erroneous traditions. My Lord of Pembroke fpake fomewhat that he was unlettered, and it was but when he was examined by one private counsellor, to whom he took exception. That of my Lord Lumley is a fiction; the preheminences of nobility, I would hold with to the last grain; but every day's experience is to the contrary. Nay you may learn duty of my Lady Arabella her felf, a Lady of the Blood, of an higher rank

than

than your felf, who declining (and yet that but by request neither) to declare of your fact; yielded ingenuously to be examined of her own: I do not doubt but by this time you fee both your own error, and the King's grace in proceeding with you in this manner.

Notes of a SPEECH, concerning a War with

TH

SPAINE.

'HAT ye conceive there will be little difference in opinion, but that all will advise the King not to entertain further a treaty, wherein he hath been fo manifeftly and fo long deluded.

That the difficulty therefore will be in the confequences thereof, for to the breach of treaty, doth neceffarily fucceed a dispaire of recovering the Palatinate by treaty, and fo the business falleth upon a Warre. And to that you will apply your Speech, as being the point of importance, and befides, most agreeable to your profeffion and place.

To a Warre (fuch as may promife fucceffe) there are three things required. A juft quarrell, fufficient forces, and provifions, and a prudent and politique choice of the defignes and actions whereby the Warre fhall be managed.

For the quarrell, there cannot be a more just quarrell by the laws both of nature and nations, than for the recovery of the ancient patrimony of the King's children, gotten from them by an ufurping sword, and an infidious treaty.

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