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of his Empire, chofe accordingly Babylon for his Seat and died there. And afterwards likewife in the familie of Seleucus and his defcendants, Kings of the East, although diverse of them for their own glorie, were Founders of Cities of their owne names, as Antiochia, Seleucia, and diverse others, (which they sought by all meanes to raise and adorne) yet the greatness still remained according unto nature with the antient seate. Nay further on, the fame remained during the greatness of the Kings of Parthia, as appeareth by the verse of Lucane who wrote in Nero's time.

Cumq; fuperba ftaret Babilon fpolianda trophæis.

And after that, againe it obtained the seate of the highest Caliph or Succeffors of Mahomet. And at this day, that which they call Bagdat which joines to the ruines of the other, containeth one of the greatest Satrapies of the Levant. Soe again, Perfia being a Countrie imbarred with Mountains, open to the Sea, and in the middle of the World, we fee hath had three memorable revolutions of great Monarchies.

The first in the time of Cyrus; the second in the time of the new Artaxerxes, who raised himself in the reign of Alexander Severus Emperour of Rome; and now of late memorie, in Ifmael the Sophie, whofe Defcendants continue in Empire and Competition with the Turks to this day.

So again, Conftantinople being one of the most excellent Seats of the World in the confines of Europe and Afia.

Sir Francis Bacon's Speech, being the King's Solicitor at Lord Sanquir's Arraignment, copied from the Draught corrected by Sir Francis Bacon's own hand.

The Lord Sanquir's Cause.

'N this caufe of life and death, the Juries part is in

IN

effect discharged; for after a frank and formal confeffion, their labour is at end: fo that what hath been faid by Mr. Attorney, or shall be said by my self, is rather convenient than necessary.

My Lord Sanquir, your fault is great, and cannot be extenuated, and it need not be aggravated; and if it needed, you have made fo full an anatomy of it out of your own feeling, as it cannot be match'd by my felf, or any man elfe, out of conceipt, fo as that part of aggra

vation I leave.

Nay, more, this chriftian and penitent courfe of yours draws me thus far, that I will agree, it in fome fort extenuates; for certainly, as even in extream evils there are degrees; fo this particular of your offence is such, as though it be foul fpilling of blood; yet there are more foul; for if you had fought to take away a man's life for his vineyard, as Achab did; or for envy, as Cain did, or to poffefs his bed, as David did; furely the murther had been more odious.

Your temptation was revenge, which the more natural it is to man, the more have laws both divine and humane fought to reprefs it; mihi vindicta. But in one

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thing you and I fhall never agree, that generous fpirits (you fay) are hard to forgive; no contrariwife, generous and magnanimous minds are readieft to forgive; and it is a weakness and impotency of mind to be unable to forgive; Corpora magnanimo fatis eft proftraffe leoni.

But howsoever murthers may arife from several motives, lefs or more odious, yet the law both of God and Man involves them in one degree, and therefore you may read that in Joab's cafe, which was a murther upon revenge, and matcheth with your cafe; he for a dear brother, and you for a dear part of your own body, yet there was a fevere charge given, it should not be unpunished.

And certainly the circumftance of time is heavy upon you, it is now five years fince this unfortunate man Turner, be it upon accident, or be it upon defpight, gave the provocation, which was the feed of your malice: all paffions are fwaged by time, love, hatred, grief, fire it self burns out with time, if no fuel be put to it. Therefore for you to have been in the gall of bitterness so long, and to have been in a restless chafe of this blood fo many years, is a ftrange example; and I must tell you plainly, that I conceive you have fuck'd thofe affections of dwelling in malice, rather out of Italy, and outlandish manners, where you have converfed, than out of any part of this island, England or Scotland.

But that which is fittest for me to spend time in (the matter being confeffed) is to set forth and magnifie to the hearers the justice of this day; firft of God and then of the King.

My Lord you have friends and entertainments in foreign parts; it had been an easy thing for you to fet Carlisle, or

fome

fome other bloodhound on work, when your perfon had been beyond the feas, and fo this news might have come to you in a packett, and you might have looked on how the ftorms would pafs, but God bereaved you of this forefight, and closed you here under the hand of a King, that though abundant in clemency, yet is no lefs zealous of justice.

Againe, when you came in at Lambeth, you might have perfifted in the denial of the procurement of the fact. Carlisle, a refolute Man, might perhaps have cleared you (for they that are refolute in Mischief, are commonly obftinate in concealing the procurers) and so nothing should have been against you but prefumption. But then alfo God, to take away all obstruction of justice gave you the grace (which ought indeed to be more true comfort to you than any device whereby you might have escaped) to make a clear and plain confeffion.

Other impediments there were (not a few) which might have been an interruption to this day's justice, had not God in his providence removed them.

But now that I have given God the honour, let me give it likewife where it is next due, which is to the King our foveraign.

This murther was no fooner committed, and brought to his Majesty's ears, but his just indignation wherewith first he was moved, caft it self into a great deal of care and providence to have justice done: first came forth his Proclamation fomewhat of a rare form, and devised, and in effect dictated by his Majefty himself, and by that he did profecute the offenders, as it were with the breath and blast of his mouth: then did his Majesty stretch forth his

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long

long arms (for Kings have long arms when they will extend them) one of them to the Sea, where he took hold of Grey shipped for Sweden, who gave the first light of testimony; the other arm to Scotland, and took hold of Carlisle, e'er he was warm in his houfe, and brought him the length of his Kingdom under fuch fafe watch and cuftody, as he could have no means to escape, no nor to mischief himself, no nor learn any leffons to ftand mute; in which cafes perhaps, this day's justice might have received a ftop. So that I may conclude his Majefty hath fhewed himself God's true lieutenant, and that he is no refpecter of perfons; bnt the English, Scotish, Nobleman, Fencer, are to him alike in respect of justice.

Nay I must say further, that his Majesty hath had, in this, a kind of prophetical spirit; for what time Carlisle and Grey, and you, my Lord your felf, were fled, no man knew whither to the four winds; the King ever spake in a confident and undertaking manner, that wheresoever the offenders were in Europe, he would produce them forth to justice; of which noble word God hath made him mafter.

Laftly, I will conclude, towards you my Lord, that though your offence hath been great, yet your confeffion hath been free, and your behaviour and fpeech full of difcretion; and this fhews, that though you could not resist the tempter, yet you bear a chriftian and generous mind, anfwerable to the noble family of which you are defcended. This I commend in you, and take it to be an affured token of God's mercy and favour, in refpect whereof all worldly things are but trash; and fo it is fit for you, as

your

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