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not fit it should be confined to one age, and not imparted to the times to come. For my part therein, I doe imbrace the honour with all thankfulness, and the trust impofed upon me, with all Religion and Devotion. For those two Lectures in natural Philofophy, and the Sciences woven and involved with the fame; it is a great and a noble Foundation both for the ufe, and the fallary, and a foot that will teach the age to come, to guess in part at the greatness of that Herculean mynde, which gave them their existence. Onely your Lordship may be advised for the feates of this foundation. The two Universitys are the two eyes of this land, and fitteft to contemplate the luftre of this bounty; these two Lectures, are as the two apples of thefe eyes. An apple when it is fingle is an ornament, when double a pearle, or a blemish in the eye. Your Lordship may therefore inform yourself if one Sidley of Kent hath not already founded in Oxford a Lecture of this nature and condition. But if Oxford in this kind be an Argus, I am fure poor Cambridge is a right Polyphemus, it hath but one eye, and that not fo ftedily or artificially placed, but, bonum eft facile fui diffufroum; your Lordship being fo full of goodness, will quickly find an object to pour it on. That which made me fay thus much, I will fay in verfe, that your Lordship may remember it the better,

Sola ruinofis ftat Cantabrigia pannis

Atque inopi linguâ difertas invocat Artes.

I will conclude with this vowe. Deus, qui animum iftum tibi, animo ifti tempus quam longiffimum tribuat. It


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the Earl of Arundel and Surrey.

Amory good Lord,

Was Ekely to have had the fortune of Caius Plinius,

the elder, who loft his life by trying an experiment, about the burning of the mountain Vefuvius. For I was 216 defirous to try an experiment or two, touching the confèrvation, and induration of bodies. As for the experment it felf, it fucceeded excellently well; but in the journey (between London and Highgate) I was taken with fuch a fit of cafting, as I knew not whether it were the ftone, or fome furfeit, or cold, or indeed a touch of them all three. But when I came to your Lordship's house, I was not able to go back, and therefore was forced to take up my lodging here, where your Houfe-keeper is very careful and diligent about me; which I affure my self, your Lordship will not only pardon towards him, butthink the better of him for it. For indeed your Lordship's houfe was happy to me; and I kifs your noble hands, for the welcome, which I am fure you give me to it.

I know how unfit it is for me to write to your Lordship with any other hand than my own; but by my troth, my fingers are fo disjoynted with this fit of fickness, that I cannot fleadily hold a pen.


Of the true greatness of the Kingdom of Britaine,

to King JAMES.

HE greatness of Kingdoms and Dominions in


bulk and territorie, doth fall under measure and demonftration that cannot erre: but the just measure and eftimate of the forces and power of an Estate, is a matter than the which, there is nothing among civil affaires more fubject to error, nor that error more fubject to perilous confequence. For hence may proceede many inconfiderate attempts and infolent provocations in States that have too high an imagination of their own forces: and hence may proceed on the other fide, a toleration of many grievaunces and indignities, and a loss of many fair opportunities, in States that are not fenfible enough of their owne ftrength. Therefore that it may the better appear what greatness your Majestie hath obtained of God, and what greatness this Ifland hath obtained by you, and what greatness it is, that by the gracious pleasure of Almighty God, you fhall leave and tranfmit to your Children and generations as the first founder: I have thought good as far as I can comprehend, to make a true furvey and representation of the greatness of this your Kingdom of Brittaine, being for mine own part perfwaded, that the supposed prediction Video folem orientem in occidente, may be no leffe true a Vifion applyed to Brittaine than to any other Kingdom of Europe, and being out of doubt that none of the great Monarchies, which in the memory of times have risen in the habitable world, had fo faire feeds and beginnings as hath this your eftate and king

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dome, whatfbever the event fhall be, which must depend upon the difpenátion of God's will and providence, and his bleffing upon your defcendents. And because I have noe purpofe vaiulie or affentatorille to represent this greatneli, as in water, which thews things bigger than they bus rather as by an Inftrument of Art, helping the jenje to take a true magnitude and dimension: therefore I ▼ dé at Hidden order, which is Etter for infinuations that found proofes, but a clear and open order. First by confusing the errors, or rather correcting the exceffes of Carmine immoderate mamins, which aicribe too much to Jome points of germs, which are not fo effentiall, and by redacaing tine points to a true value and estimatim: than by propounding and conming those other polts of grammes Fiich remre fide and principall, though in popular divanè ki oberved: and incidentlle by making a brief application, in both these parts, of the general principles and positions of pollicie unto the state and condition of the your Kingdoms. Of these the former part will branch la kif into these articles.

Fek That in the mealbring or balancing of greatneid, there is commonly too much ascribed to 1 gened of semirik.

Seemal, That there is too much afcribed to treasure or celes

Jy. The fee & too much afcribed to the Futbol en of te be, or affuence of commodic'es

And Flr 11. That there is too much ascribed to the it ength and stradation of townes, or holds.


The latter will fall into this diftribution.

First, That true greatnefs doth require a fit fituation of the place or region.

Secondly, That true greatness consisteth effentially in population and breed of men.

Thirdly, That it confifteth alfoe in the valour and militarie disposition of the people it breedeth; and in this, that they make profeffion of armes. Fourthly, That it confifteth in this point that every

common fubject by the Powle, be fit to make a foldier, and not only certaine conditions or degrees of men.

Fifthly, That it confifteth in the temper of the government fit to keep fubjects in heart and cou

rage, and not to keep them in the condition of fervile vaffailes.

And Sixthly, That it confifteth in the commandement of the fea.

And let no man fo much forget the fubject propounded, as to find strange, that here is no mention of Religion, Lawes, Pollicie. For we fpeake of that which is proper to the amplitude and growth of States, and not of that which is common to their preservation, happiness, and all other points of well being. First therefore, touching largeness of territories, that true greatnefs of Kingdoms upon Earth is not without fome analogie with the Kingdome of Heaven, as our Saviour defcribes it: which he doth resemble, not to any great Kernell or Nutt, but to one of the leaft Graines, but yet fuch a one, as hath a propertie to growe and fpread. For as for large CounCc 2


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