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please the, except it be vulgar, super-
stitious, or ostentatious, 368; has
never sought truth save for amusement,

Murray, John, of the King's Bed-
chamber, the legality of his Patent
questioned (see Rege Inconsulto), 232
Muses, the gardens of the Muses keep
the privilege of the golden age; they
ever flourish and are in league with
Time, 45; the hill of the Muses is above
tempests, always clear and calm, 46
Museum, the ideal, 44

Myths, Bacon's belief in the secret
wisdom of, 162, 371


NAPIER, published Logarithmic Tables,
336; corresponded with Anthony
Bacon, 338

National wealth, the, quadrupled itself
under Elizabeth, 35; believed to
consist in gold and silver, 251, 274
Natural and Experimental History (see
also Parascent, Historia, &c., Sylva
Sylvarum, Phænomena Universi),
Bacon hopes to interest the King in
the compilation of, 282, 284; is to
differ from former Natural Histories,
382; the main foundation of a true
and active philosophy, 282; basis
totius negotii, 284; Physic and Meta-
physic based on, 462; Bacon attached
increased importance to, 364; of
Nature Erring or Varying, 365;
to include a history of the Cardinal
Virtues, 370; its place in the
Instauratio, 347, 378; how to be
classified, 382; + with a just History,
men might fall into the right inter-
pretation of Nature, 382; indispens-
able, 398; Bacon's attempts at,
398-404; all things to be set forth,
numbered, weighed, or measured
in, 399; is the key of all knowledge
and operation, 400; †men could make
little progress without, even with the
Organum, 400; could advance
science even without the Organum, 400
Natural Science, divisions of, 461
Naturalisation, no empire is to be nice
in point of n., 104

Naturalisation, in England, of the
natives of Scotland, Bacon spoke and
wrote in favour of, 104, 112
Nature, misleading use of the word in
science, 341

Nature, never does anything in vain,
472; the happy match between the
mind of a man and the nature of
things, 43; we govern nature in
opinions, but are thrall to her in
necessities. But if we would be led by
her in invention, we should govern her
in action, 43; the lawful wedlock
between Mind and, 369; † the langu-
age of, based upon a simple alphabet,
361; the n. of everything is best seen
in his smallest portions, 353
Nature and custom, discussion of, 470;

often hidden, sometimes overcome,
seldom extinguished, 439
Natures, Simple, a body regarded as a
collection of, 384; importance of
doctrine of, 389; notions of, un-
sound, 392; method of Exclusions
depends on, 392; Bacon gives no
help to forming conception of, 394
Navy, abuses in, Commission for reform
of, resisted by the Earl of Nottingham,
185; offence of Whitlocke in reference
thereto, 185

Necessity, awaketh the powers of the
mind, 436

Negative, a negative is more pregnant
of direction than an indefinite, 359
(see Exclusions)

Negatives, all knowledge bred out of, 371
Negotiation (see Business), 471
Neile, Dr., Bishop of Lincoln, insults

the House of Commons, 240; his
living in Commendam, 240

Net, dancing in a n., i.e. pretending to
be free, 196

Neville, Sir Henry, M.P., almost im-
plicated in the insurrection of Essex,
72; questioned by the King as to the
feeling of the Commons, 72; is an
aspirant to the Secretaryship, 201;
his advice to the King compared with
Bacon's advice, 198-202

New Atlantis, the, 415-25; date of,

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Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

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times rewritten, 311; the King's re-
mark on, 284; no more but a new
Logic, 282; I have been about some
such work near thirty years, 282; the
same argument (as that of the Ad-
vancement) only sunk deeper, 282;
the first book of, reproduces the
Cogitata, 378; inconsistencies in,
386,387; the weak point in,392; may
be dispensed with (according to
Bacon) 382, 400; a man of average
ability may investigate Nature without
the exact use of the, 407


OATH, of allegiance, the, for Recusants,
to be modified, 20; the ex officio oath,
Observations, certain O.made upon a Libel
published this present year, xxxii., 50
Ockham, William of, 334

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Operatio,' Cecil, was
66 in
operatione" than "in opero," 178
Opinio," used by Bacon to denote
false opinion, 27, 41

Opinions, to consider what opinions are
fit to nourish "tanquam ansæ," 365
Opus Majus of Roger Bacon, the, un-
known to Francis Bacon, 379

Order, truth emerges sooner from wrong
order than no order, 359; even the

divine Word did not act on chaos with-
out order, 363

Organum. See Novum
Orpheus, the fable of, 449
Ortelius, his map, 467
Ostentation, the art of, 472

Overbury, Sir Thomas, murder of, 229
Ovid, Bacon strives somewhat like
Ovid's mistress, as one that would be
overcomen, 22

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Commons, 205; Bacon sues for a full
pardon, 306

Parks, a noble portion of the King's
Prerogative, 223

Parks, of Science, 423
Parliament (see Commons, Lords),
Reasons for calling a, 190, 191; Advice
touching the calling of a, 191-8; pro-
positions for managing a Parliament,
192-5; it is for kings to dislike a
Parliament that are like images and
statuaes, 207; the ancient and
honourable remedy (for poverty and
discord), 179; Acts of, by the King's
sole authority, may be mitigated or
suspended, 141; Bacon's view of the
duties of, 132

Parmenides, the doctrine of, 372
Parry, Sir Thomas, Chancellor of the
Duchy, charged with unlawful
interference with an election, 203
Parsons, Father, 50

Particular, my own, 150
Partitions of the Sciences, a name given

by Bacon to the De Augmentis, xxxix
Partus Masculus Temporis, xxxii., 348
Partus Maximus Temporis, xxxii., 348
Passages, (Cecil) had fine passages of

action, yet the real conclusions came
slowly on, 174

Pasturages, great, to be repressed, 445
Patents. See Monopolies

Paul, St. In such light matters men
should say with St. Paul, “I and not
the Lord," 23; St. Paul said, “I and
not the Lord," 474

Paulet, Lady, wife of Sir Amias, her
remedy for warts, 15
Paulet, Sir Amias, ambassador in
France, accompanied by Bacon, 14;
recommends Bacon to the Queen, 15
Peace, God send we surfeit not with it,

Peacham, Edmond, a Puritan clergy-
man, charged with libelling the
King, 219; examined under torture,
220; Bacon's fears that the Judges
might not convict him of treason,
220; opinions of the Judges to be
taken separately on the question
whether the offence was treason,
220, 221; opinion of the Judges (prob-
ably) that it was not treason, 222;
condemned for treason, 222; died in
gaol, 222

Peacock, a schoolmaster, committed
for pretending to have infatuated the
King's Judgment by sorcery, 220

Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of ✦ denotes translation from
Bacon's Latin.

Percy, Henry, Earl of Northumberland,
expected to be the leading man on
the accession of James, 97; Bacon
offers him his services, 94; left
behind by Cecil, 98; mentioned by
Bacon (when a prisoner in the Tower),
as likely to help the Great Instaura-
tion, 154; gave a pension to the
mathematician Harriot, 339
Permissio Intellectus, 393
Perseus, Military Power, 371
Perspective houses, for studying light,


Petition, the Millenary, 107
Peyton, Thomas, 286

Phenomena of the Universe (Phenomena
Universi), the, 378, 401
Phenomena, the Vintage of, 362
Phenomena, to save the, 375
Philanthropia, the character of the
Deity, 29

Philautia, or selfishness, 45

Philology, very worthy to be reduced

into a science by itself, 467
Philosophers, even modern p. have
but touched Nature with the tip of
their fingers, 362; the true, like bees,
369; not to skip like fairies in their
own little enchanted rings, 398; the
tenderness of certain, 469 (see Greek)
Philosophia Prima, defined, 355, 461
Philosophia Secunda, sive Scientia Ac-
tiva, 378

Philosophy, merits and demerits of
Bacon's, 407; divisions of, 354, 355;
divine P. or Natural Theology, differ-
ent from Inspired P., or Divinity,
355; Natural P., Mechanic and
Magic, 405; a little P. maketh men
apt to forget God, but the depth of
P. bringeth a man back to God
again, 313

Philosophy, the New, the object of, +
to bring about a lawful wedlock be-
tween the mind and things, 349; not
utilitarian, 352; + may be called
Logic, but if so, a new Logic, 358;
obstacles to, 362; on the best method
of drawing attention to, 363; no
Dictator is to be allowed in, 368; the
signs of, 369; contrasted with the
old, 379; the certainty of, illustrated
by the compasses, 382; not sordid
nor devoted to works, 382; does not
impugn the senses nor the judgment,
382; will guide men even into Ethical
and Political truth, 382

Philosophy, the Old, 367-9; assumed in

theology and politics, 367; to be kept
for intercourse with the common
people, 367; has penetrated social
life, 367; the fruits of, have been
barren disputations, 368; the sciences
have remained stationary under, 369;
contrasted with the New, 379; + that
fair-weather learning which needs the
nursing of luxurious leisure, 102; is
but a web of the wit; it can work
nothing, 42; of the Grecians, or of
the Alchemists, the one a loud crying
folly, the other a whispering folly
the one never faileth to multiply
words and the other oft faileth to
multiply gold, 42
Philosophy, the
Science, 378
Philosophy, Sacred, 474, 475
Phocion, to be imitated by the seeker
after truth, 368

Second, or Active

Physic, nature and objects of,
461-3; the ways of, are restrained
and narrow, 463; is the investiga-
tion of Efficient Cause, Matter,
Latent Process, Latent Configuration,

Pillars of Hercules, the, 377

Pisistratus, Essex likened by Bacon to,

Pity, the aspect of one who is always
pitying, 367, 421

Placebo, a, 116

Planets (see Astronomy), the contem-
plative planet carrieth me away
wholly, 29

Plashes, i.e. ponds, 435

Plato, one of the six authorities of the
world, 367; + a man of intellect,
capacious, keen, sublime, yet only a
better sort of sophist, 368; Plato's
Cave in connection with the Idols,
381; introduced Final Causes into
Philosophy, 463; intermingled his
philosophy with theology, 467
Playfere (or Playfer) Dr., requested by
Bacon to translate the Advancement
into Latin, 365.

Pliny, 365; Bacon borrows from, in the

History of the Winds, 402; I was likely
to have had the fortune of Caius
Plinius the elder, 309

Pluralities, in the Church, must be
allowed for a time, 107

Plurality of Causes, the, said to be
fatal to Bacon's system of exclusions,

Plus ultra, 154, 365, 366

Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

Bacon's Latin.

Poetry, discussed in the Advancement,
354; tends to magnanimity, morality
and delectation, 354; lyrical p. ex-
cluded from Bacon's definition, 354
Poets, Bacon ranks himself among
concealed poets, 96

Policy, foreign. See France, Low Coun-
tries, Spain, War

Policy, internal, Bacon's, illustrated by
the Essays, 444; three courses of, 121;
Cecil's, 124-30; Bacon's fairest policy,
148; inadequacy of Bacon's, 184;
Neville's, 198-201

Politic, the politic wise man, 472; po-
litic persons in their greatness chant
a quanta patimur, 257

Political economy, Bacon's, 226, 251;
illustrated by the Essays, 445
Political philosophy, an unfit study for
youth, 470

Politics, Bacon's, illustrated by the
Essays, 444-6

Politiques, envious dispositions fittest for,

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Pope, the Judges compared to the Popes

of Rome making their seat the only
oracies of God's religion, 140; Rome,
the Pope's chair, 169
Pope, Alexander, on Bacon, xv., 321;
on Bacon's pholosophy, 410
Popular, the p. party, means for sever-

ing and intimidating, 193; p. es-
tates and leagues, how to be checked,
257; p. men are no sure mounters
for your Majesty's saddle, 236
Popularity, Essex is advised by Bacon
to tax p. in others, 55

Pott, Mrs. Henry, edited the Promus, 51
Præmunire, against the Court of Chan-
cery, 239-45

Pragmatical men must be taught that
learning is not like a lark, 326
Praise of Knowledge, the, 41
Praise of the Queen, the, 49
Prayer-book, the, Bacon recommends

changes in, 106; the wise and weighty
Proclamation prefixed before the, 249;
if any person do scandalise, he is to
be inquired of, 169

Preachers, to be supported by the State,
18, 19
Precursors of the Second Philosophy,
xxxix. (see Prodromi)

Prerogative, as ancient as the Law, 112;
studiously extolled by Bacon, 123;
connected with the Court of the
Marches, 137; Chamberlain regrets
to see it "strained so high," 125; of
two kinds, according to Bacon, 139-
141, 186; not subject to the construc-
tion of Laws, 140; a new Court
established in virtue of, 171; counsel
not to argue against, in certain cases,
245; the King's Prerogative is Law
and the principal part of Law, 260 ;
it is the accomplishment and per-
fection of the Common Law, 279
Prerogative Instances, meaning of, 360;
list of, 396

Priest, the term, should be discontinued,

Prima Philosophia, 461

Primum Mobile, in a State, is the King,
260, 445

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Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

Bacon's Latin.

Propositions, Middle P., 358, 379, 465;
hitherto deduced by Syllogisms, 362
Proteus, the myth of, means matter
constrained by science, 371
Proverbs of Solomon, the, 471
Provisional Rules, for Investigation,

Prudence, Natural, divisions of, 463
Psalms, Translation of, into English
verse, 430-5

Ptolemy, 367; the Astronomical system
of, 336; Ptolemies, the, 44
Purveyance, Bacon speaks in favour of
compounding for, 111; entrusted by
the Commons with a petition concern.
ing, 112

Puritans, the, favoured by the House

of Commons, 16; Whitgift's oppres-
sion of, 17; Bacon's impartial judg
ment of, 23-6; the "three small
wants of," 25; Bacon spontaneously
inclines towards, 105-10; the King
will make no concessions to, 110;
the Millenary petition presented by,
107; demands of, advocated by Bacon,
105, 106; Bacon's later reaction
against,109, 249
Pygmalion's frenzy, 453


Quanta patimur, to chant a, 257
Quintessence, Aristotle's, 340


RAHAB, the example of, justifies occa-
sional untruths, 24

Raleigh, Sir Walter, his opinion of
Bacon's style, 310, 452; Ben Jon-
son's opinion of Raleigh's style, 453;
censured by Bacon when condemned
to death, 270; how regarded by
Bacon, 269; mentioned by Bacon as
a possible helper in science, 154;
Declaration concerning, 269; his
family dispossessed of Sherborne,


Ramus, 335

Rarity and Density, treatise on, 370
Rawley, Dr., Bacon's chaplain, avoids
mention of Bacon's pecuniary diffi-
culties, 316; short biography of
Bacon by, 309-16; on Bacon's care
of his health, 315; on Bacon's early
revolt against Aristotle, 13, 14

Reason, Ministrations to, 359, 385;
Contemplative and Active, 359;
incompetency of, for Natural Philo-
sophy and invention of works, 365;
on the True Limits and Use of, in
Spiritual Things, 474; relation of, to
the Will and Imagination, 465, 467;
the knowledge of the, is the art of
arts, 465

Reasons for calling a Parliament, 190,


Recusancy, 18-21, 169

Recusants, revenue from wards of, 227;
the oath to be modified for, 18
Redargutio Philosophiarum, summary
of, 367-70; the subject of, mentioned
in the Cogitata, 363
Reed, i.e. counsel, 431

Reform. See Church Reform
Reformations, the beginning of, hath the
contrary power to the pool of Bethesda,
Reformed Churches, the, Bacon implies
that they are in some respects
superior to the Church of England,
25; Bacon assumes the validity of
holy orders conferred in, 25
Rege Inconsulto, the case of, 233
"Rejections." See Exclusions, Negative
Religion, discussed in the Advance-

ment, 474, 475; seldom mentioned in
the Essays as a basis for morality,
442; sources of imposture in, 430;
religions are the orbs that rule in
men's minds most, 442; the world is
weary of religious controversy, 363;
the Christian r. allows some use of
Reason, 474; to do you (Cecil) service
I will come out of my religion, 100
Reprehension, i.e. refutation, 435
Repulse, a man is to avoid repulse, 22
Reserve, I am not ignorant that it is a
stale trick for impostors to reserve some
secrets, 102; I am determined to re-
serve (apparently said in the Valerius
Terminus when Bacon can go no
further) 350

Responsio ad edictum Regina Angliæ,


Resultats, i.e. results, 284

Revelation, the nature and matter of,

Revenue. See Finance, Debts
Rhetoric, object of, 467

Revolution, Bacon's remedies against
the coming Revolution, 144-51
Richard III., Act of, concerning
Benevolences, 217

Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

Bacon's Latin,

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