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ABBOT, George, Archbishop of Canter-
bury, helps to introduce Villiers to
the favour of the King, 247
Absentiae in Proximo, 388, see Tables.
Absolutest, James is the a. prince in
judicature, 257

Absolution, the general, should be dis-
continued, 105

Abstract natures are few, like the let-
ters of the alphabet, 351
Academiae, in academiis discunt cre-
dere, 51

Accommodate, a new word, 195
Acosta, 402; quoted erroneously by
Bacon, 373

Act for the better grounding of a
further Union to ensue between the
kingdoms of England and Scotland,

Adam, presumed to think that good
and evil had their own principles,


Adamant, it might have been an ada-

mant to have drawn you, 163
"Addled Parliament," see Parliament.
Advancement of Learning, the, 352-7,
and 461-75; said to be of the same
argument as the Novum Organum,
282; published hurriedly, 356, 113;
in a more popular style than Bacon's
other works, 352; Dean Church on,
355; differences between the Ad-
vancement and the De Augmentis,
353-4, 461-75, 404-7; well tasted in
the Universities here, 282
Advertisement touching a Holy War,

Advertisement touching the Controversies
of the Church of England, 23-6

Advice to Queen Elizabeth, 16-23

Advice touching the calling of Parlia
ment, 192-7

Advice to the King concerning the calling
of a new Parliament, 225-8
Advice to the Duke of Buckingham
when he became favourite to King
James, 248-51

Affection, beholds the present, Reason
the future, 468; everything in Na-
ture has a private and a public a., 104;
are not the pleasures of the intellect
greater than the pleasures of the affec-
tions? 41; should have been handled
by Aristotle in the Ethics, 470

Age, does not bring moral improve-
ment, 441

Air, expansion of, Bacon's error as to,

Alchemists, the, extracted a philosophy
from the furnace, 467
Aldermen, worms of, 184
Alexander, that which Livy saith of, 365,
366, 369; esteemed more of excellent
men in knowledge than in empire, 44
Alphabet, of Abstract Natures, 401,


Alphabet, of Nature, the, 361; men
must study, like little children, 411
Ambitious, there is great use of ambi-
tious men in being screens to princes,

Anabaptists, do according to the bound-
ings and corvets of their own wills,

Analogical Instances, 447

Anaxagoras, reduced himself with con-
templation unto voluntary poverty,

Ancients, the Wisdom of the, 370
Andrews, Dr. Lancelot (Dean of West-
minster, and successively Bishop of
Chichester, Ely, and Winchester)

Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

Bacon's Latin.

employed by the King to answer
Cardinal Bellarmin, 161; letter to
him from Bacon with the Cogitata et
Visa, 161; Bacon asks him to correct
his style, 161; to draw in the Bishop
Andrews, being single, rich, sickly,
154; Advertisement touching a Holy
War, dedicated to, 426

Ant, be not like the empiric ant,
which merely collects, 369

Antitheses of things (see Antitheta),

Antitheta, use of, 436, 468; the origin

of the Essays, 436-7, 439
Antiquity, it is the later ages of the
world that deserve the title of, 363; †
lay aside all hope of learning from,

Apology, Sir Francis Bacon, his Apo-
logy in certain imputations, concern-
ing the late Earl of Essex, when
published, 85; inaccurate, 40, 58,
61, 64

Apophthegms, the, 428 ; knots in business
are severed by, 428
Aphorisms, test solidity, point to action,
stimulate inquiry, 467
Appetite, misleading use of the word
in science, 341
Apprentices, 170
Aquinas, Thomas, 334

Architecture of Fortune, the, detailed,

471-2; referred to, 21-2, 459
Argument, preparation for, 466
Aristotelians, the, more dogmatic than
Aristotle, 342

Aristotle, allied to the Jesuits by Faber,
160; intemperately magnified with
the Schoolmen, 160; who would not
smile at Aristotle when he admireth
the eternity of the heavens, 42; the
revolt against, 335-8; his theory of
astronomy, 339-40; his method of
reasoning, 340; his + temerity begat
for men a fantastic heaven, 340;
rarely experimentalised, 341; tribute
of Roger Bacon to, 342; to be dis-
tinguished from the Aristotelians,
342-3; his Ethics read in the
churches, 343; why attacked by
Bacon, 339-43; the philosophy of,
a mere stage-play, 362; one of the
six authorities of the world, 367;
ta man of intellect, capacious, keen,
sublime, yet only a better sort of
sophist, 368; made a world for
himself out of his Categories, 368;
+ great only because he is the greatest

of impostors, 368; +do not believe
that A. practised Induction, 369;
dragged Experience as a captive at his
chariot-wheels, 369; his notions of
Natural History different from
Bacon's, 382; Bacon borrows from,
in the History of the Winds, 402;
introduced final causes as a part of
Logic, 463; his unjust ridicule of
the Sophists, 466; intermingles his
Natural Philosophy with Logic,
467; should have handled the
Affections in the Ethics, 470; care-
lessness of, 470

Armada, the, the preparation whereof

was like the travail of an elephant, 49
Articles, Certain Articles or Considera-
tions touching the Union of the King-
doms of England and Scotland,
xxxiv., 112 (see Union)
Articles, the thirty-nine, not to be
altered, 249

Arts, the knowledge of the Reason
is the art of arts, 465; the four
intellectual arts, 465; sedentary a.,
to be left to strangers, 444
Arthur, King, his story less wonderful

than Caesar's Commentaries, 463 4
Arundel, Earl of, Earl Marshal, be-
friended Bacon on his trial, declared
"his offences foul, his confessions
pitiful," 303; Bacon's last letter to,

Ascham, Roger; on the Four Ways in
Court, 1

Asserviling, Bacon declares that he is
asserviling himself to every man's
charity, 36

Assize, bakers to keep their a., 170
Assoiling, i.e. absolution, the people
could not be suddenly weaned from
their conceit in assoiling, 105
Astronomy: the Ptolemaic, inconsistent
with Aristotelian philosophy, 374,
336; the Copernican, published only
as a hypothesis, 335, 374; why
necessarily hypothetical till New-
ton's time, 374; Bacon's theory of,

Atalanta, means Science, seduced by
profit, 371

Atheism and superstition, Bacon's
views of, 442-3

Atlantis New, the, 415-25; the date of,

Atlas, Burghley described as the Atlas
of this Commonwealth, 29
Atom, the false doctrine of the, 385

Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of + denotes translation from
Bacon's Latin.

Atomic, the a. philosophy, fruitful,
463; Bacon's insight into the atomic
theory, 372

Attorney General, the office of, the
natural and immediate step and rise
for the Solicitor-General, 88; no
precedent found in 1614 for the
election of, 208; the precedent
dispensed with in Bacon's case, 208
Augustus Caesar, see Caesar.

Aversion, Bacon's unphilosophic use
of the term in science, 375
Axiom, an, how to be obtained, 359;
axioms lower, middle, and highest,
379, 382, 385


Babel, the language of Nature did not
incur the confusion of, 411
Bacon, Lady Ann, her character,

12; daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke,
Edward the Sixth's tutor, 11; trans-
lates Jewel's Apology, 12; Beza
dedicates a work to her, 12; her
favour to the Puritans, 17, 21;
warns Francis against his cousin Cecil,
8; her advice to Francis during
his suit for office, 36; her mental
condition during her later years, 12,
163; her death, 163; Francis
desires to be buried in the same place
with her, 13
Bacon, Anthony, goes to Trinity
Cambridge with his brother Francis,
13; his ailments, 14; travels
abroad, 26; Elizabeth expresses her
sense of the value of his foreign
information, 16; returns home, 34;
is forced by his expenses, and by the
debts of Francis, to alienate land, 26;
describes the obligations of Francis
to Essex, 34; calls Burghley "the
old fox," 8; Francis dedicates to him
the first edition of the Essays, 56;
seeks to alienate land which Francis
begs from the Queen for himself, 92;
carries on a secret correspondence for
Essex with James of Scotland, 93;
Francis Bacon avows his knowledge
of this correspondence, 93, 96; a
pension given to Francis by James I.
for the valuable services of Anthony,
112; his death, 92

(i) Bacon, Francis (for most of the
incidents in his life, and for a list of
his works, in chronological order,

the reader is referred to the "Events
in Bacon's Life and Times,"
pp. xxxi-xxxix; the present para-
graph refers mainly to his char-
acter, policy and correspondence);
hereditary influences on, 12, 13;
a valetudinarian, 14, 314; pre-dis-
posed by his mother to favour the
Puritans, 12, 21; his early revolt
against Aristotle, 13; his ecclesi-
astical policy, 23-26; decidedly
favours the Puritans, 105; is after-
wards changed to suit the King's
views, 109; not proud to write for
Whitgift, 108; he is charged with
pride, 32-3; declares himself to be
bashful, 33; his repeated declara-
tions that he was not fitted for a
public life, 28-31; temporarily
diverted from philosophy, 41; his
restlessness, 304; called by Eliza-
beth her watch-candle, because
he did continually burn, 179; his
description of his own character,
27; his constant regard to his own
particular, 150; determines to
serve both philosophy and politics,
157; his systematic pursuit of
advancement, 158; made ignorant
by want of leisure, 175-6; does
not understand the feeling of the
people, 191, 202; nor of the
House of Commons, 285, 295-6;
his inaccuracy, 31, 38, 40, 58, 61,
85, 100, 312, 328; his sanguine
disposition, 308, 328, 252; his
self-confidence, 16, 252, 264; his
resolve to suppress nervousness,
157; his flattery of James, 103;
his fondness for applying religious
phrases to the King, 103, 178, 183,
187; his pliancy, 21, 150, 151,
195, 289, 327; his versatility of
style, 65, 448-50; his varied hand-
writing, 447; his love of indirect
ways, 53-6, 142-8, 227, 230; his
"extravagant style," 195, 450;
determination to be clear, 450;
his fondness for jests, 452; his
fondness for analogy, 51; his
money matters, 86, 98, 99; ar-
rested for debt, 86, 98; his obliga-
tions to Cecil, 173; ranks himself
among concealed poets, 96; wishes
to revise the laws, 145, 166, 224,
251; hopes that he may be here-
after considered as great a lawyer
as Coke, 252; hopes that the King

Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

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will assist in preparing a Natural
History, 282-4; his wife, 99, 100;
never mentioned in his letters, 114;
appears as the counsellor of Essex,
53-6; Essex complains of his
'silence," 56; commonly sup-
posed to instigate the Queen
against Essex, 61; desired by
Cecil not to do so, 61; compares
Essex to Cain, Pisistratus, and the
Duke of Guise, 76, 80; his sus-
picious offer to Egerton, 87; advice
to Cecil on Irish policy, 92; en-
deavours to prevent the House
from discussing an inhibition to
debate the Prerogative, 126;
defends Impositions, 126; defends
Proclamations against Coke, 129;
his view of Parliaments, 132;
approves Cecil's financial projects,
145; on the power of the King,
141; his remedy against the Coming
Revolution, 144-51; flatters Cecil
while living, reviles him when
dead, 173-5; says he was as a
hawk tied to another's (Cecil's) fist,
178; has no suggestion to make
as regards Impositions, 191;
suggests means for controlling
elections and managing Parliament,
192-4; makes a half-suggestion
that the King should give up
Impositions, 195; his rivalry with
Sir Henry Neville, 201; chosen by
the Commons to introduce the dis-
eussion of Impositions with the
Lords, 211; adopts Cranfield's
project for settling Impositions,
226; "his chance of serving the
nation politically at an end in
1614," 237; Bacon's political
economy, 226, 251; his dislike of
duelling, 254-5; his advice to the
Judges, 260; accused by Villiers
of being unfaithful to Essex and
Somerset, 263; does not under-
stand his position with the King,
264; offers to put into writing his
submission to Buckingham, 264;
advises Villiers not to interpose by
word or letter in any suit pending
in the Courts, 267; rehears a case
in Chancery on the Favourite's
demand, 296, xxiv-xxix; his in-
gratitude to Yelverton, 277-8;
broaches "new doctrine" about
the Prerogative, 280; guilty of
corruption in certifying to oppres-

sive Monopolies, 287-91 ; writes to
the King, I have been ever your
man, 295; his fine, a benefit to
him, 305; is denied the Provostship
of Eton, 305; implores a full
pardon, 306; seriously ill during
the plague, 307; his view of his
collective works, 308, xxxix;
Rawley's biography of, 309-17;
"a great reader, but no plodder
upon books," 310-11;"no dashing
man," 311; "would light his
torch at every man's candle," 311;
his meals, 311; his exercises, 311;
"was religious," 312; "neither
bred nor fed malice," 313; could
never resist the temptation to sleep
in the afternoon, 315; always
fainted at an eclipse of the moon,
315; Boëner's testimony to his
patience, 317; Matthew's and
Ben Jonson's testimony to his
virtue, 318; not led to desert
philosophy by want of money,
321; his temptations to politics,
322-3; his views of human nature,
324; his detachment from contem-
porary thought, 326-7; his "in-
comparable ductility," 327; light
shed on his character by the New
Atlantis, 425; his poetry, 430-35.
(ii) Francis Bacon (the philosopher),

did not appreciate the science of
his day, 336, 337, 339, 373, 175-6;
too sanguine that the order of
Nature was easily discoverable,
344-5; his metaphor of the Alpha-
bet of Nature, 345-351; his
notions of a Natural History, 346;
attaches greater value to the
Natural History when he finds his
Novum Organum fail, 346, 348,
364, 382; "his incorrigible ima-
ginativeness," 357; his insight
into the atomic theory, 336; his
attacks on Aristotle, 339-43, 368-9,
13; his extraordinary carelessness,
373, 383; his attempts at Astro-
nomy, 373-6; his growing disbelief
in the motion of the earth, 376;
his reasons for propounding his
system by means of an example,
383; why he relinquished the in-
vestigation of motion, 387; scien-
tific errors of, 391, 402, 413;
appears to reason in a circle, 392;
his self-confidence, 396, 397; his
self-deception, 403; merits and

Words printed in italies are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

Bacon's Latin.


demerits of his philosophy, 407-
14; his excessive hopefulness,
473; his perception of the diffi-
culty of forming a bona notio,
409; his philosophy not utili-
tarian, 409-11; his almost religious
enthusiasm for science, 410 (see

Bacon, Sir Nicholas, Elizabeth's Lord
Keeper and father of Francis Bacon,
11; his character, 13; his death, 13;
leaves Francis Bacon without the
patrimony intended for him, 13;
his character described by Francis
Bacon, 96, 179

Bacon, Roger, anticipates the Idols,
333; his tribute to Aristotle, 342
on the four "stumbling-blocks,"

Balance of power, the principle of
Bacon's policy, 444

Bancroft, Richard, Archbishop of Canter-

bury, his opposition to lawyers, 133;
asserted that the poor could obtain
better justice from the King than
from the country gentlemen, the
judges, or juries, 133

Baptism, private, by laymen, Bacon
would suppress, 106

Barlow, Dr., his account of the con-
fession of Essex in his last moments,
Barnham, Alice, Bacon's wife, 99, 100,
114 (see St. Alban)

Barnham, Benedict, Alderman, father
of Bacon's wife, 114

Baron, Bacon sues for the making of a,
292; these popular titles of limiting
Prerogatives may open a gap into new
Barons' Wars, 140

Bastinado, no man loves one the better
for giving him the bastinado with a
little cudgel, 18

Bastons, i.e. staves, 417
Bate, i.e. flutter, 178

Bates, the case of, affecting the legality
of Impositions, 145

Bees, the type of the true philosopher,


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Birch, Dr., Memoirs of the Court of
Queen Elizabeth, 1

Bishops, men were executed for libelling
the, 17; the very evil and unadvised
course taken by the Bishops, 21; why
do the Bishops stand so precisely on
doing nothing? 24

Blackwater, defeat of the English at, 57
Blanks in elections, 194

Bodley, Sir Thomas, letter to him from
Bacon with the Advancement of Learn-
ing, 113

Böener, "he" (Bacon)" was always the
same both in sorrow and joy," 317
Bonis artibus, a euphemism, 193
Books and studies, 470

Books, distilled books, flashy things, 451
Borgia, Alexander, his saying about the
French, 464

Boscage, i.c. woods, 417

Boscovich, his theory of forces, 372
Brackley, Viscount, 255 (see Egerton)
Bracton, on the power of the King, 133
Brahé, Tycho, 335

Break-law, Egerton's nick-name, 255
Bribery, common in the Court of Eliza-
beth, 4; in the Court of James, 291;
the three degrees of, 298; not known
in the New Atlantis, 417

Brigues, i.e. factions, intrigues, 197
Brittany, this Island of Brittany, seated
and manned as it is, hath the best iron
in the world, 116

Bruce, Edward, Abbot of Kinloss, 95
Buckingham, Duke of, Marquis of. See
Villiers, George

Building near London, proclamation
against, 128
Bullion, 251

Business, civil, philosophers should not
retire from, 469; the wisdom of, not
collected into writing, 471

Words printed in italics are Bacon's; the addition of † denotes translation from

Bacon's Latin.

I 12

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