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History of the Church.

1. It describes the state of the church in persecution, in remove,

and in peace.

The ark in the deluge: the ark in the wilderness: and

the ark in the temple.

2. It is more wanting in sincerity than in quantity.

History of Prophecy.

1. It is the history of the prophecy and of the accomplishment. 2. Every prophecy should be sorted with the event.

3. It is deficient.

History of Providence.

1. It is the history of the correspondence between God's revealed will and his secret will.

2. It is not deficient.

1. Different sorts.

1. Orations.

2. Epistles.

3. Apothegms.

Appendices to History.

2. Relative advantages of orations, epistles, and apothegms. 3. They are not deficient.


1. Division.

1. As it refers to words.


2. As it refers to matter.

2. Poetry as it refers to words is but a character of style, and

is not pertinent to this place.

3. Poetry as it refers to the matter.

1. It is fiction, and relates to the imagination.

2. It is in words restrained: in matter unlicensed.

The imagination not being tied to the laws of matter, may at pleasure join that which nature hath severed, and sever that which nature hath joined; and so make unlawful matches and divorces of things.

Pictoribus atque poetis,

Quidlibet audendi, semper fuit æqua potestas.

4. Its use is to satisfy the mind in these points where nature does

not satisfy it.

It was ever thought to have some participation of divineness, because it doth raise and erect the mind, by submitting the shews of things to the desires of the mind; whereas reason doth buckle and bow the mind into the nature of things."

Poesy joined with music hath had access and estimation in rude times and barbarous regions, where other learning stood excluded.

5. Division of poesy.

1. Common-the same as in history.

2. Proper division.

1. Narrative or heroical.

2. Representative or dramatical.
3. Allusive or parabolical.

Narrative Poesy.

Parabolical Poesy.

1. It was never common in ancient times.

2. Its uses.

1. To elucidate truths. '

2. To concert truths.+

3. Of the interpretation of mysteries, parabolical poesy.

In poesy there is no difference for being as a plant that cometh of the lust of the earth, without a formal seed, it hath sprung up and spread abroad more than any other kind: but to ascribe unto it that which is due, for the expressing of affections, passions, corruptions, and customs, we are beholding to poets more than to the philosopher's

* Sir Philip Sidney says, poesy, the sweet food of sweetly uttered knowledge, lifts the mind from the dungeon of the body to the enjoying its own divine essence.

+ This is much expanded in the treatise De Augmentis.

works; and for wit and eloquence, not much less than to orators' harangues. But it is not good to stay too long in the theatre. Let us now pass on to the judicial place or palace of the mind, which we are to approach and view with more reverence and attention.

1. Division.


1. From the light of nature.

1. Divine, or natural religion.

2. Natural, the knowledge of nature.

3. Human, the knowledge of man.

2. From divine inspiration or revealed religion.



It is a receptacle for all such profitable observations and axioms as fall not within the compass of any of the special parts of philosophy or sciences, but are more common and of a higher stage.

Is not the precept of a musician, to fall from a discord or harsh accord upon a concord, or sweet accord alike true in affection? Is not the trope of music, to avoid or slide from the close or cadence, common with the trope of rhetoric of deceiving expectation? Is not the delight of the quavering upon a stop in music the same with the playing of light upon the water?

"Splendet tremulo sub lumine pontus."

Because the distributions and partitions of knowledge are not like several lines that meet in one angle, and so touch but in a point; but are like branches of a tree, that meet in a stem, which hath a dimension and quantity of entireness and continuance, before it come to discontinue and break itself into arms and boughs; therefore it is good, before we enter into the former distribution, to erect and constitute one universal science, by the name of "Philosophia Prima,”


primitive or summary philosophy as the main and common way, before we come where the ways part and divide them


This science is as a common parent, like unto Berecynthia, which had so much heavenly issue,

"Omnes cæliclas, omnes super alta tenentes.”

1. It is



That knowledge or rudiment of knowledge concerning God, which may be obtained by the contemplation of his


2. The proper limits of this knowledge are that it sufficeth to

convince atheism

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3. It is not safe from contemplations of nature to judge upon questions of faith


"Men and gods were not able to draw Jupiter down to the earth; but contrariwise, Jupiter was able to draw them up to heaven.”

4. This is not deficient, but not restrained within proper limits. 5. Of angels.

It is no more unlawful to inquire the nature of evil spirits, than to inquire the force of poisons in nature, or the nature of sin and vice in morality.

6. Enquiries respecting angels are not deficient.

1. Division.


1. Speculative or inquisition of causes.
2. Operative or production of effects


If then it be true that Democritus said, " That the truth of nature lieth hid in certain deep mines and caves :" and if it be true likewise that the alchemists do so much inculcate, that Vulcan is a second nature, and imitateth that dexterously and compendiously, which nature worketh by ambages and length of time, it were good to divide natural philosophy

into the mine and the furnace; and to make two professions or occupations of natural philosophers, some to be pioneers and some smiths; some to dig, and some to refine and hammer.

2. Connection between cause and effect

1. Division.


1. Physic.

2. Metaphysic.

2. Of the impropriety of using new words for new ideas. 3. Of the meaning of the words physic and metaphysic


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1. Physic contemplates the efficient cause what is inherent in matter and transitory

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It enquires into formal and final causes

1. Inquiry whether forms are discoverable.

1. Their discovery is of the utmost importance.


They are ill discoverers that think there is no land, when

they can see nothing but sea.

2. Plato discovered that forms were the true objects of


Plato beheld all things as from a cliff.

In the Treatise De Augmentis there is, in this place, a considerable addition.

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