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during the time it is in flower. When the seeds are mature the buoys discharge themselves of air, fill with water, and sink the ripened seeds into the soft mud below. Mr. Gardner discovered in Brazil Utricularia nelumbifolia, which inhabits exclusively the water contained in the hollow leaves of a Tillandsia, emitting runners which reach to other hollow leaves and send forth new plants. The flowers of Utricularia, purple, pink, violet, or yellow, are all too delicate for drying, changing to an uniforın black.






I. Primula vulgaris. primrose. common.

P. elatior. oxlip. woods: abundant in a wood near Groby slate quarries. MK. Forest woods. PCF. Market Bosworth. NPS. Beaumanor. PCH. Garendon. WFP. P. veris. cowslip. common.

b. major. woods, common.

Hottonia palustris. water violet. Cavendish Bridge:
near Twycross, introduced. AB.

Lysimachia vulgaris. great yellow loose-strife. Charn-
wood forest: meadow in front of St. Bernard's Priory.
AB. Loughborough Outwoods. Dr. P. Kegworth. CL.
Turn-water, near Cossington. JK.

L. nummularia. moneywort. marshy places, common.
L. nemorum. wood loose-strife. woods, common.



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Anagallis arvensis. scarlet pimpernel. common.
A. tenella. bog pimpernel. meadow near Groby pool:
Ulverscroft: bogs on Charnwood forest. AB. Brad-
gate near Old John. CT. Pocket gate. FTM. *Devon
at Knipton.
Samolus Valerandi. brookweed. ditch near the roadside
from Shenton to Sutton Cheney. NPS. near Conger-
stone. AB. side of brook near Aylestone. CT.

Primulacea, from primus, first, or early.

Primroses, oxlips, and cowslips were anciently called 'Verbasculi,' 'little mulleins.' Primrose flowers were made into a poultice to heal burns and scalds, and to draw splinters from the flesh. Cowslip-wine is slightly narcotic. The leaves of the P. veris are a good substitute for those of the white mulberry to nourish silkworms. Swine are the only animals that feed on the primulaceæ, and from this cause the Italian cyclamen is called 'Sow-bread.' L. nummularia is also called 'herb-twopence,' from its two round opposite leaves. The deadly poison called 'Mouron,' is extracted from Anagallis arvensis. Orfila destroyed a dog with three drachms. Pimpernel is the poor man's weather glass,' invariably closed against rain, and the only scarlet British flower besides the poppy. Anagallis is from anagelao, 'to laugh,' from its reputed virtues in removing hypochondria, and obstructions of the liver. Its flowers open punctually about eight minutes past seven in our latitude and close at three minutes past two in the afternoon. Samolus was a Druidical plant and esteemed a specific in diseases of swine.

"A l'issue de l'yver que le joly temps de primavere commence, et qu'on voit arbres verdoyer, fleurs espanouir, et qu'on oit les oisillons chanter en toute joie et dolceur, tant que les verts bocages retentissent de leurs sons et que cœurs tristes pensifs y dolens s'en esjouissent, s'emeuvent a delaisser deuil et toute tristesse, et se parforcent a valoir mieux."-LA PLAISANTE HISTOIRE DE GUERIN DE MONGLAve.





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Armeria maritima. common thrift. heath near Saltby.
Dr. P.

One species of Plumbago was anciently used as a stimulating application to remove opacity of the cornea, which disease was then called Plumbum, and hence the generic name. Plumbago Europea, has been employed to relieve toothache; and by the French is called dentelaire, or toothwort. Like the Ranunculi, it is used by beggars to ulcerate their skins. P. rosea, the blister-root of Rumphius, is almost as efficacious as Cantharides. P. scandens is called l'Herbe du Diable, in St. Domingo, on account of its acridity. This order of plants is very extensive in its range, being found in Siberia, New Holland, at the Cape of Good Hope, in North America, and at Cape Horn. plants, and have tonic properties. most powerful astringents known. and in America it is much esteemed.

The Thrifts are ornamental Statice Caroliana is one of the The root is the part employed,

"Let us endure the difficulties which accompany our calling with equanimity. See an emblem of our lot in these violets and daisies which you trample underfoot as you walk on your grass-plots. Here we find the robe of purple, the colour of afflictions, but in the background the golden flower recals the faith which never fades."-LUTHER'S TISCHREDEN.





IV. I.


Plantago major. great plantain. common.
P. media. hoary plantain. common.

P. lanceolata. ribwort plantain. common.
P. coronopus. buck's-horn plantain. not rare in sandy
places: Charnwood forest: Ive's Head: Lower Black-
brook: Breedon and Croft hills: Swithland slate
quarries. Loughborough Parks. CL.

Littorella lacustris. plantain-leaved shoreweed. Groby
pool. PCF. banks of Reservoir near Moira. AB.

Plantaginaceae, from planta, the sole of the foot.

P. major is called the 'waybred,' from its springing up spontaneously in highways. It follows the track of civilization with equal diligence in the colonies, where it has obtained the name of "The Englishman's Foot." The seeds of all the plantains are favorite food with birds. The 'besom' and 'rose' plantains are varieties of P. major. P. coronopus is eaten as a salad, and is one of the innumerable remedies for hydrophobia. Some plantains have mucilaginous seeds, those of P. arenaria are imported into the North of England from Nismes and Montpellier to complete the manufacture of muslins.





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Chenopodium olidum. stinking goose-foot. Coleorton.


C. polyspermum. all-seed goose-foot. Groby pool:
cornfields near Lount. AB. Market Bosworth and
Shenton. NPS. Beaumont Leys. WBG. Variety
acutifolium, Groby pool. AB. Cossington. PCF.
C. urbicum. upright goose-foot. near Loughborough.

C. rubrum. red goose-foot. dung hills and waste ground.
C. murale. nettle-leaved goose-foot. dung heap at
Twycross. AB.

C. album. white goose-foot. common.

C. ficifolium. Coleorton. PCF.

C. bonus-Henricus. good king Henry. common in village streets: Bishop Latimer's house, Thurcaston, abundant. MK.

XXIII. I. Atriplex patula. halbert-shaped orache. common. b. angustifolia. narrow-leaved orache. common. A. erecta. cornfields near Twycross. AB.

Chenopodiacea, from Chen, a goose, and pous, a foot, leaves resembling a goose's foot.

The plants of this order growing near the sea, salsola salicornia, &c., yield an immense proportion of soda. Chenopodiums are generally of an unpleasant odour. M. Chevalier ascertained that Ammonia was disengaged spontaneously in a free state from C. vulvaria during vegetation. C. olidum is sometimes

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