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"Your voiceless lips, O flowers, are living preachers, Each cup a pulpit, every leaf a book,

Supplying to my fancy numerous teachers,

From loneliest nook.

"Neath cloistered boughs each floral bell that swingeth, And tolls its perfume on the passing air,

Makes Sabbath in the fields, and ever ringeth
A call to prayer:

"Not to the domes where crumbling arch and column Attest the feebleness of mortal hand,

But to that fane most catholic and solemn

Which God hath planned;

"To that cathedral, boundless as our wonder,

Whose quenchless lamps the sun and moon supply,Its choir the winds and waves,-its organ thunder; Its dome the sky.

"There, amid solitude and shade, I wander,

Through the green aisles, and, stretched upon the sod, Awed by the silence, reverently ponder

The ways of God."

The well-directed sight

Brings, in each flower, an universe to light."

LEICESTERSHIRE FLORA.

DICOTYLEDONOUS OR EXOGENOUS PLANTS.

ORDER.

RANUNCULACEA.

LINNEAN

CLASS. ORDER.

XIII. III.

V.

Clematis vitalba. common 'traveller's joy.' hedges about
Wymeswould. AB.

Thalictrum flavum. meadow rue. brook sides, common.
Anemone nemorosa. wood anemone. woods: Charnwood
forest. AB. Loughborough. PCH. Market Bosworth.
NPS. Oakley and Piper woods. WFP. South, Lount,
and other woods. WHC. Braunstone plantations, and
Hinckley road. MK. Ansty lane. JM.

A. ranunculoides. yellow wood anemone. * Piper's hole:
Croxton park.

VII. Myosurus minimus. mouse-tail. rare: cornfields near Con-
gerstone. AB. Garden at Sheepshed. CB. Fishpool close,

and Tuthill field, near Loughborough. Dr. P. Garendon. WFP. Leicester racecourse: now become scarce. MK. XIII. III. Ranunculus aquatilis. water crowfoot. in ponds and streams. R. circinatus. ponds and canals: pond near Harris bridge: Ashby and Coventry canal, near Sutton wharf. AB. plentiful in the Soar. MK.

R. fluitans. streams, not common: river Sence, near Temple mill: brook between Heather and Ibstock. AB.

R. Lenormandi. Charnwood forest. CB. in rills of water below the Whitwick rocks, and Timberwood hill. AB.

B

LINNEAN

CLASS. ORDER.

XIII. III. Ranunculus hederaceus. ivy-leaved crowfoot. in ponds and streams, not uncommon: a stunted variety with thickened leaves in Brook lane, Thurcaston. MK.

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R. ficaria. lesser celandine. common.

R. flammula. lesser spearwort. frequent in ponds and
damp places.

R. lingua. greater spearwort. Groby pool: pond between
Glenfield and Groby: watery places near Leicester:
Ashby-de-la-Zouch, and Loughborough:

Belvoir.

R. auricomus. goldy locks. common.

R. acris. upright meadow crowfoot. common.
R. repens. creeping crowfoot. common.

R. bulbosus. buttercups. common.

Vale of

R. hirsutus. hairy crowfoot. near Congerstone: Groby:
Sheepshed: Waltham on the Wolds. AB. A single
plant by the Burton road one mile from Ashby-de-la-
Zouch. WHC. Abbey gardens, Leicester. MK.
R. sceleratus. celery-leaved crowfoot. ditches and pools.
R. parviflorus. small-flowered crowfoot. rare: between
Ibstock and Heather. SK. Bank near Newton Burgo-
land: Blood's hill, Kirby Muxloe. AB. * On dry walls
at Muston.

R. arvensis. corn crowfoot. cornfields.

Caltha palustris. marsh marigold. common.

Aquilegia vulgaris. common columbine. found by Dr.
Pulteney in the Outwoods near Beacon hill, and in
Buddon wood sparingly.

Delphinum consolida. lark spur. rare: cornfields at
Humberstone occasionally. JK. Leicester abbey walls
and meadow at Aylestone. MK. cornfields, Lough-
borough. Dr. P.

Aconitum napellus. monk's-hood. rare: Willesley park. SK. Plantation at Newbold Verdon, (specimens received from Mrs. Gimson). MK. scarcely wild, being the site of the gardens of the old hall. NPS.

"For out of the olde fieldes, as men saith,

Cometh all this new corn from year to year;

And out of olde bookes, in good faith,

Cometh all this new science that men lere."-CHAUCER.

The termination aceæ,

Ranunculacea; from rana, a frog.* means 'resembling' or 'allied to.' In this case the resemblance is in their aquatic habits. The plants of this order are rare within the Tropics, where they only occur at considerable elevations, generally inhabiting cool damp situations in temperate climates. Ranunculus acaulis is found within the Antarctic Circle.

The bruised leaves of clematis are employed by impostors to form artificial ulcers. The poisonous principle contained in them is so volatile that when dry they prove a wholesome fodder. Eaten green they are fatal to cattle. Meadow rue and Anemone are equally acrid, the latter is employed by the Russian peasants, who dread conscription, as the clematis is by our native beggars. In China anemone japonica is a funereal flower planted about tombs. (FORTUNE.) Ranunculus aquatilis has less acrid juices; R. auricomus, dulcis, or sweetwoodcrowfoot, the mildest of the genus. Mr. Sinclair, speaking of R. acris as amongst the plants invariably found in the richest natural pastures, adds, 'But I never noticed any indication of the cattle having touched the buttercups or sorrel.' R. acris has caused inflammation in the hand from merely pulling it up. According to Loudon, R. bulbosus affords the true buttercups, 'cuckoo buds of yellow hue,' appearing in May.† They blister the mouths of cattle when, as they rarely are, eaten. Bulbosus and acris are

*The derivation given after the name of the order-refers in every instance to the noun-substantive, its root.

+ "In yellow meadows I take no delight;

Let me have those which are most red and white."

"That which makes meadows look so yellow, is the great abundance of ranunculus or crow-foot flowers. But of this burning and blistering plant neither horse nor cow will feed; which made me the more observe it, when I have seen peacocks crop the flowers of it. Meadows are also yellow by the flowers of caltha palustris, or marsh marigold, of which cattle will not eat, nor also of argentina, which leaves a yellow

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