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Umbrellas, Valises, Carpet Bags, etc.


Southeast cor. 4th & Northampton Sts., Easton, Pa.

Silk Hats & Class Caps made to order at short notice








Also, a Large and well-selected stock of GENTS' FUR-
NISHING GOODS and Ready-made Clothing constantly on hand.

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Editors for October-W. H. SCHUYLER, A. R. READ, T. C. ENGLISH.


OCTOBER, 1872.


1517 AND 1789.

BY A. A. B.

Two dates of the world's history are engraven in the mind ineffaceable as the mementos which the victorious kings of Persia wrote on the rocks of Persepolis. They mark not one of those solitary, indifferent facts the not occurring of which would not have seriously affected the course of events, such as a battle gained or lost by a general in the wars of the little states of Italy during the fourteenth century, or the assumption of the reins of the government by a potentate as infinitesimal as the prince of Monaco or the president of the republic of San Marino. They mark not simply the opposition of a German professor to papal indulgences or the convocation of the estates of France to prevent a financial crisis. They mean more; they mean the manhood of the nations, the assumption of the toga virilis by mankind, the emancipation of man from the authority exercised by the church over the mind and by feudalism over the body. That the two events were not united, that religious and political emancipation did not take place at the same time, was surely not the fault of the people. The revolt of the German peasantry was wrecked on the shortsighted policy of

the reformers, the indifference of the free towns, the want of political tact in the emperor himself. Better succeeded for a while at least their brethren the Puritans in England, who, the Bible in pocket and the sword in hand, established the commonwealth, until the treason of Monk, the selfishness of the rich, the apathy of the masses, brought back the Stuarts, their lords and bishops; nay, a hundred years more had to pass until the French revolution accomplished what the reformation could not, or perhaps would not, achieve.

There are certain rights with which man is endowed as constituents of his being, which, however, are suspended until he can safely exercise them. We deny to the child the liberty to decide for itself, we subject it to parental authority, without infringing upon the rights of the former or making the latter a usurpation or a tyranny. Thus, as long as the nations of Europe were in their childhood, the authority of the church was lawful, and feudalism the only possible means of establishing the principles of loyalty and obedience, privileges and corresponding obligations without which no body-politic can exist. But after the revival of classical learning had spread light over Europe, when the universities of Europe were diffusing love of investigation and were teaching mankind to inquire after their highest interests, when the laity had outstripped the church in intellectual leadership, then the time for the emancipation of the human mind from ecclesiastical authority had arrived, and neither the inquisition of Rome nor the stake which Calvin lighted for Servetus could stop this movement. I do not believe the Reformers were fully conscious of what they had achieved. For the authority of the church they substituted the authority of the Bible, but in doing this and thus establishing the principle of private judgment, they enthroned virtually human reason and made it arbiter of the highest questions. Are we ready to take the consequences? Is Parker to be condemned for applying the same merciless critique to the whole canon which Luther applied to one book, the epistle of James? Are we to surrender the glorious results of the reformation because men have drawn from the scriptures dogmas which we find not in our confession of faith? Is fresh, active, investigating Protestantism, with its various sects and divisions, less productive of good than that dead, ghastly spectre of Catholocism which promises to save mankind by

silencing reason and reducing man to a corpse? Rather, ten thousand times rather, sail over the storm-tossed Protestant ocean, having faith corroborated by reason as a sail and Christ for a port, than to stagnate in the dead sea of Infallibility! For

And yet

"Es irrt der Mensch, so lang er lebt."

"Der gute Mensch in seinem dunklen

Drange ist sich des rechten Weges wohl bewusst."

There is no cause for being alarmed. If christianity is a fact, a life, why should we fear? If it has evidenced itself at large in that noble civilization, in that philanthropy, which we see exerting itself more and more; if we see it evidenced in the individual soul, changing sinfulness to holiness, mitigating the passions, turning them to good, if the spirit of the Bible is a spirit of holiness, though its letter may allow diversities of opinions, why should we fear those results of inquiry which after all have more corroborated than weakened the evidences of our belief?

The glorious French Revolution, too, has been condemned as opening a door to civil anarchy. The very name is connected with the reign of terror. We forget that the revolution would have ceased with the adoption of the first constitution. But when Louis XVI and his court conspired with foreign monarchs to undo the blessed work of constitutional liberty, when he sought to reduce France to the former Absolutisme, then he and his accomplices fell victims, not to liberty, but to their own perjury, even as Charles Stuart fell not by Cromwell but by his own ill-starred notions of royalty by divine grace. And what benefit has not Europe derived from that blood-stained revolution! Compare the state of Europe of the eighteenth century, ruled by absolute rulers, without any public opinion, with present Europe, enjoying everywhere constitutional governments with representative bodies, and we may bless the time when feudalism fell. Of course revolution will continue, until every wrong is righted. We made a government for the white man, and forgot the millions of slaves in our midst. The wrong had to righten itself by a revolution. We thought the majority should rule, but in the war of secession we had to enforce this principle. The French revolution of 1789 and 1830 gave to the Bourgeoise a share in the government. It forgot the Canaille. The Canaille advanced in political knowledge and the revolution

of 1848 gave France universal suffrage. The good people of the Commune demanded decentralization, universal education, separation of church and state, a militia system instead of a standing army. M. Thiers silenced their demands by fusillades and deportations. How long? I do not know, but the emancipation of man is moving onward, until every wrong is righted, until man is capable of exercising all rights with which the Creator endowed him, until in fact Christ shall reign, not perhaps crowned and clothed in purple on a throne in Jerusalem, but when his principles of a universal brotherhood shall be the rule and not the exception among mankind, when there will reign in this world glory to God. and love toward man.


BY E. X.

There is an old saying which seems to be true,
That, no matter what you are tempted to do,
'Tis never too late to mend, even though
You've neglected this very long time to do so;

And poets and moralists ask us to follow

Advice of this kind, though it sounds rather hollow,
For these kinds of men never do, by-the-by,
What they preach, and, in fact, very seldom they try.

But it struck me as being a very good plan,
To act in this way, and I straightway began ;
So I rummaged about for my long-waisted pants,
And without any trouble I saw at a glance

(This term is ambiguous in both of its uses,

And means long-neglected, or-high in the sluices,)
That they ought to be mended, so thought I would test
The truth of this proverb, and all for the best.

The knees were agap, playing cars on the track ;
The cellar-door owed them a patch in the-back;
That rip in the side was prepared by that whiskey
Which Saturday night made me feel rather frisky.

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