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fore upon his majesty's signification of his pleasure upon the indorsement of the bill signed, I take it I may lawfully do it.

I am here rejoicing with my neighbours the townsmen of St. Albans, for this happy day, the fifth of August, 1618. biot

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and faithful servant,


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CCV. To the Marquis of BUCKINGHAM. Stephens's

My very good Lord,'' ****

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I THANK your lordship for your last loving letter. I now write to give the king an account of a patent I have stayed at the seal. It is of licence to give in mortmain eight hundred pound land, though it be of tenure in chief to Allen that was the player, for an hospital,nam soft wd and



The fifth of August, being the anniversary of the king's deliverance from the earl of Gowry's conspiracy, was by some called the court-holiday, and ridiculed as a fiction; though the truth thereof being delivered down by archbishop Spotswood, and other good historians, I see no great reason to call it into question. Stephens

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second colTection,

p. 83.

That Allen the player, who founded an hospital at Dulwich i in Surry, had been an excellent actor of the comical and serious part, will appear evident to any one that shall thoroughly consider the following epigram made by that admirable dramatic poet, follow par Ben Johnson. vi


If Rome so great, and in her wisest age, 1629 Fear'd rot to boast the glories of her stage: As skilful Roscius, and grave Æsop, men 17 Yet crown'd with honours, as with riches then; tarogs Who had no less a trumpet of their name, Than Cicero, whose every breath was fame: Lofa How can so great example die in me? 200 That, Allen, I should pause to publish thee; 1 ogues Who both their graces in thy self has more bogado Outstript, than they did all that went before goo

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And present worth in all dost so contract, corda woda bi portaAs others speak, but only thou dost act.

Wear this renown. 'Tis just that who did give toorar
So many poets life, by one should livedo ao blog bluo

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I like well that Allen playeth the last act of his life so well; but if his majesty give way thus to amortize his tenures, his courts of wards will decay; which I had well hoped should improve.

But that which moved me chiefly is, that his ma jesty now lately did absolutely deny Sir Henry Savile for 2001. and Sir Edward Sandys for 100l. to the perpetuating of two lectures, the one in Oxford, the other in Cambridge, foundations of singular honour to his majesty, the best learned of kings, and of which there is great want; whereas hospitals abound, and beggars abound never a whit the less.

If his majesty do like to pass the book at all; yet if he would be pleased to abridge the 8001. to 500l. and then give way to the other two books for the university, it were a princely work. And I would make an humble suit to the king, and desire your lordship to join in


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It were to be wished this observation did not hold true to this day for though the foundations of hospitals are to be com mended, which Sir Francis Bacon hath done both in this letter, and other his writings; yet it shews that some more adequate remedy for supporting the poor, than what arises from these charities, or even from the laws enacted for their relief, was then, and yet is to be desired. And as the defect thereof is no small reproach to the government of a country, happy in its natural product, and enriched by commerce; so it would be an act of the greatest humanity, to provide for the poor, and that idleness and beggary, the successive nursery of rogues, might as far as possible be extirpated. Upon this occasion I cannot bat take notice of a story which has been spread abroad to the defamation of Sir Francis Bacon, though upon no good ground, as far as I can judge, as if in the accomplishment of the foundation of the Charter-house hospital, begun by Mr. Sutton, and carried on by his exécutors, Sir Francis, who was then the king's solicitor, had, for some ill designs of gain to himself or others, endeavoured to have defeated the same. The fact was, that the heir at law sup posing, notwithstanding in procuring acts of parliament, and patents from the king, in order to esta blish this noble charity, that the greatest part of his estate was descended to him, it was argued on his behalf by the solicitorgeneral, by Mr. Henry Yelverton, and Mr. Walter, men of great some of the

what Mr. Sutton had done

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court might have, my request to the reader is, that before he pass any censure upon Sir Francis Bacon, relating hereunto, he would please to peruse his advice, printed in Vol. III. p. 388, given to the king touching Mr .Sutton's estate. Stephens.

it, that it might be so. God ever preserve and pros

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I have written to my lord chamberlain, being chancellor of Oxford, to help in the business.


To the Marquis of BUCKINGHAM., Stephens's

My very good Lord,:

WHAT passed in your lordship's presence, your lordship can tell, touching the navy. The morrow following we concluded in approbation of the books, save in one point, touching the number convenient for manning the ships, wherein the number allowed by the commissioners had, in my judgment, a little of the merchant; for to measure by so many as were above dead pays, is no good argument. For the abuse of dead pays is to be amended, and not the necessary number abated. In this his majesty may fall upon a middle proportion between that of the commissioners. and that of the officers.


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It were good, now the three books, which we have appointed to be ingrossed into one leidger-book, are affirmed, there were a short book of his majesty's royal directions, and orders thereupon, extracted.***

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For the commission of the treasury, I persuade my self, they are of the first hours that have been well spent in that kind. We have put those particulars, whereof his majesty gave us charge, into a way. Bingley's information will be to good purpose, and we find another of like nature revealed to Mr. Secre tary and myself. God ever prosper you.

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Your Lordship's most obliged friend
and faithful servant,


£luow 32.65 vuotɔd guth or round FR. VERULAM, Cancıs 09 October, 1618.46

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second collection,

p. 84.


p. 85.

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CCVII. To the Marquis of BUCKINGHAM.

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lection, ol bill My very good Lorong but bun
LOOKING folla potem bed furnit not ed
for matter of service, I have found out a
fortis pas
self; and it is proper for me more than
men, because it is within the account of the hanaper.
But I have a law to myself, that I will never
beg any thing which shall not bring gain to the king
Therefore my suit to farm the profits of the aliena-
tions, yielding a thousand pounds a year more to the
king than hath been yielded communibus annis, by a
seven years. If the king be pleased to
grant me this, it will a little warm the honour he hath
emand I shall have a new occasion to be, as
I ever have been, and shall be,

Your lordship's obliged friend and faithful servant,


York-house, October 9, 1618.

Ibid. p. 86. CCVIII. To the Marquis of BUCKINGHAM.

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THIS morning Mr. Attorney came to me, and desired of me the many writs of Ne exeat regnum against most of the Dutch inerchants, and withal let me un


7 The affair of these Dutch merchants is in some measure represented in this letter, and those of October 9, and Nov, 9, 1619. But Mr. Stephens in his Introduction, p. 45, 46, gives us, by the assistance of some authentic papers, the following account of the affair: Upon the 19th of October, 1618, the attorney-general having applied to the lord chancellor for writs Ne exeat regnum, against these merchants, afterwards exhibited an information against about one hundred and eighty of them, for transporting beyond the seas vast quantities of gold and silver in money, plate, and bullion, since the beginning of king James I's reign. The attorney at first brought the cause to an hearing against about twenty of them, who were supposed the greatest offenders, and most able to make restitution. to Their fines amounting in the whole to 150,000 of which Mr. William Courteen, and twoothers, were condemned in 20,000 each; the advice which the lord chancellor gave the king, not to grant away the fines of such ten of them as Sir Thomas Vavasor the discoverer should choose, and which it seems he had ins a smanners been promised, was a piece of service worthy the place he enjoyed, and the trust he had


derstand that there was a discovery of an infinite transportation of gold and silver out of this realm by the said Dutch merchants, amounting to millions; and that Sir John Britain had made a book thereof, and presented the same to his majesty; and farther, that his majesty had directed him to prosecute the same; and had also given Sir Thomas Vavasor the forfeiture of such ten of them as he should choose.

Hereupon I thought it my duty, as in a matter of great weight, to signify to his majesty by your lordship what I conceive.

The discovery I think very happy. For if it be true, it will be a great benefit to his majesty: it will also content his people much, and it will demonstrate also that Scotland is not the leech, as some discoursers say, but the Netherlanders, that suck the realm of treasure. So that the thing is very good.

But two things I must represent to his majesty: the first, that if I stay merchants from their trading by this writ, I must do it either er officio, or by spe) 1, hudī cial warrant from his majesty, ex officio

If ex officio, then I must have more than a bare surmise to grant the writ upon, so as I must be PARAMUS e acquainted with the grounds, or at least appearance of proofs. If by special warrant, then I desire to receive the same. The other is, that I humbly beseech his majesty that these royal boughs of forfeiture may not be vintaged, or crop'd by private suitors, considering his majesty's state as it is, but that Sir Thomas to diel od zoq0 - ristk. with the king. Upon the 12th of October 1619, Mr. Courteen was censured to pay 2000 more, and other smaller sums, for endeavouring to corrupt the king's evidence. And the 19th of November following was appointed for the trial of between twenty and thirty more; but by reason of some neglect or mismanagement in thes prosecution, which gave the court a great deal of trouble, ands the defendants, some advantage, the cause was not heard till the * 7th of December, though most of them were then found guilty Of the large fines imposed upon the delinquents, it is supposed that they paid but a third part; for during the prosecution, the States-General, did by a letter desire the marquis of Buckingham to endeavour to moderate the heat thereof,oas Sir Noel Carson their ambassador did the next day after sentence, to mitigate the severity, a odt bas,bayojas,adabely edy ¿drowong to go

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