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or might make your lordship in any degree uncapable of the return of her favour; or might fix any character indelible of disgrace upon you: for she spared the public place of the Star-chamber, which spared ignominy; she limited the charge precisely not to touch upon any pretence of disloyalty; and no record remaineth to memory of the charge or sentence. Fourthly, the very distinction which was made in the sentence of sequestration from the places of service in state, and leaving to your lordship the place of master of the horse, doth, to my understanding, indicativè, point at this; that her majesty meant to use your lordship's attendance in court, while the exercises of the other places stood suspended. Fifthly, I have heard, and your lordship knoweth better than I, that now, since you were in your own custody, her majesty in verbo regio, and by his mouth, to whom she committeth her royal grants and decrees, hath assured your lordship she will forbid, and not suffer, your ruin. Sixthly, as I have heard her majesty to be a prince of that magnanimity, that she will spare the service of the ablest subject or peer, when she shall be thought to stand in need of it: so she is of that policy, as she will not lose the service of a meaner than your lordship, where it shall depend merely upon her choice and will. Seventhly, I hold it for a principle, that generally those diseases are hardest to cure whereof the cause is obscure; and those easiest, whereof the cause it manifest; whereupon I conclude, that since it hath been your error in your courses towards her majesty, which hath prejudiced you, that your reforming and conformity will restore you; so as you may be faber fortuna propria. Lastly, considering your lordship is removed from dealing in causes of state, and left only to a place of attendance; methinks the ambition of any man, who can endure no partners in state matters, may be so quenched, as they should not laboriously oppose themselves to your being in court: so as upon the whole matter, I can find neither in her majesty's person, norin your own person, nor in any third person, neither in former precedents,nor in your own case, any cause of dry and peremptory despair. Neither do I speak this

so, but that, if her majesty, out of her resolution, should design you to a private life, you should be as willing, upon her appointment, to go into the wilderness, as into the land of promise. Only I wish your lordship will not preoccupate despair, but put trust, next to God, in her majesty's grace, and not to be wanting to yourself. I know your lordship may justly interpret, that this which I persuade, may have some reference to my particular, because I may truly say, Te stante, not virebo, for I am withered in myself, but manebo, or tenebo; I shall in some sort be, or hold out. But though your lordship's years and health may expect return of grace and fortune; yet your eclipse for a time is an ultimum vale to my fortune; and were it not that I desire and hope to see my brother established, by her ma esty's favour, as I think him well worthy, for that he hath done and suffered, it were time I did take that course, from which I dissuade your lordship. But now in the mean time, I cannot choose but perform these honest duties to you, to whom I have been so deeply bounden.

LVII. A LETTER framed as from the Earl; in Rawley' answer to the former LETTER.

Mr. Bacon,


I THANK you for your kind and careful letter. persuades me that which I wish strongly, and hope for weakly; that is possibility of restitution to her majesty's favour: but your arguments that would cherish hope turn to despair. You say the queen never meant to call me to public censure, which sheweth her goodness; but you see I passed under it, which sheweth others power. I believe most stedfastly her majesty never intended to bring my cause to a sentence: and I believe as verily, that since that sentence she meant to restore me to attend upon her person. But they that could use occasions, which was not in me to let, and amplify occasions, and practise upon occasions, to represent to her majesty a necessity to bring me to the one, can and will do the like to stop me from the other. You say, my errors were my prejudice, and therefore I can mend

Resuscita tio.

myself: it is true; but they that know that I can mend myself, and that if ever I recover the queen, that I will never lose her again; will never suffer me to obtain interest in her favour. And you say the queen never forsook utterly, where she inwardly favoured: but I know not whether the hour-glass of time hath altered her mind; but sure I am the false glass of others informations must alter her, when I want access to plead my own cause. I know I ought doubly to be her majesty's: both jure creationis, for I am her creature; and jure redemptionis, for I know she hath saved me from overthrow. But for her first love, and for her last protection; and all her great benefits, I can but pray for her majesty; and my endeavours are now to make my prayers for her majesty and myself better heard. For, thanks be to God, they that can make her majesty believe I counterfeit with her, cannot make God believe that I counterfeit with him: and they which can let me from coming near unto her, cannot let me from draw ing near unto him, as I hope I do daily. For your brother, I hold him an honest gentleman, and wish him all good, much rather for your sake. Yourself I know hath suffered more for me and with me than any friend I have yet I cannot but lament freely, as you see I do; and advise you not to do that which I do, which is to despair. You know letters what hurt they have done me, and therefore make sure of this: and yet I could not, as having no other pledge of my love, but communicate freely with you, for the ease of my heart and yours.



Rawley's LVIII A LETTER to Mr. Secretary CECIL, after the defeating of the Spanish forces in Ireland; inciting him to embrace the care of 9. reducing that kingdom to civility, with some reasons sent inclosed.

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It may please your honour,

As one that wisheth you all increase of honour; and as one that cannot leave to love the state, what in

5 Therefore this was wrote 1601..

terest soever I have, or may come to have in it; and as one that now this dead vacation time hath some leisuré

sense, Cab.

adaliudagendum; I will presume to propound unto you
that which though you cannot but see, yet I know not
whether you apprehend and esteem it in so high a de-
gree; that is, for the best action of importation to your
self, of sound honour and merit to her majesty and this
crown, without ventosity and popularity, that the riches
of any occasion, or the tide of any opportunity, can pos-
sibly minister or offer: and that is the causes of Ire-
land, if they be taken by the right handle. For if the
wound be not ripped up again, and come to a* recru- * festered
dency by new foreign succours, I think that no phy-
sician will go on much with letting of blood, in declina-
tione morbi; but will intend to purge and corroborate.
To which purpose I send you mine opinion, without
labour of words, in the inclosed; and sure I am, that
if you shall enter into the matter according to the viva-
city of your own spirit, nothing can make unto you a
more gainful return. For you shall make the queen's
felicity complete, which now, as it is, is incomparable;
and for yourself, you shall shew yourself as good a pa-
triot as you are thought a politic, and make the world
perceive you have not less generous ends, than dextrous
delivery of yourself towards your ends; and that you
have as well true arts and grounds of government, as the
facility and felicity of practice and negotiation; and that
you are as well seen in the periods and tides of estates,
as in your own circle and way: than the which, I sup-
pose, nothing can be a better addition and accumula
tion of honour unto you. This, I hope, I may in pri-
vateness write, either as a kinsman, that may be bold:
or as a scholar, that hath liberty of discourse, without
committing any absurdity. But if it seem any error in
me thus to intromit myself, I pray your honour to be-
lieve, I ever loved her majesty and the state, and now
love yourself; and there is never any vehement love
without some absurdity, as the Spaniard well says:
desuario con la calentura. So desiring your honour's
pardon, I ever continue.

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Rawley's Considerations touching the QUEEN's service in




THE reduction of that country, as well to civility and justice, as to obedience and peace, which things, as affairs now stand, I hold to be inseparable, consisteth in four points:

1. The extinguishing of the relicks of the war.
2. The recovery of the hearts of the people.

3. The removing of the root and occasions of new

4. Plantations and buildings.

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For the first; concerning the places and times, and particularities of farther prosecution, in fact, I leave it to the opinion of men of war; only the difficulty is, to distinguish and discern the propositions, which shall be according to the ends of the state here, that is, final and summary towards the extirpation of the troubles, from those, which though they pretend public ends, yet may refer indeed to the more private and compendious ends of the council there: or of the particular governors or captains. But still, as I touched in my letter, I do think much letting blood, in declinatione morbi, is against method of cure: and that it will but induce necessity, and exasperate despair; and percase discover the hollowness of that which is done already, al, Taglaes. Which now blazeth to the best shew. For Iaglia's and proscriptions of two or three of the principal rebels, they are no doubt, jure gentium, lawful: in Italy usually practised upon the banditti; best in season when a side goeth down: and may do good in two kinds; the one, if they take effect: the other, in the distrust which may follow amongst the rebels themselves. But of all other points, to my understanding, the most effectual is, the well expressing or impressing the design of this state, upon that miserable and desolate kingdom; containing the same between these two lists or boundaries; the one, that the queen seeketh not an extirpation of that people, but a reduction; and that, now she hath chastised them by her royal power and arms, according to the necessity of the occasion, her majesty taketh no

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